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ENGLISH QUESTION FORMATION ????? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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ENGLISH QUESTION FORMATION ?????. LEARN THE RULES. START WITH EASY QUESTIONS. THE VERB TO BE I am happy. Am I happy? She is late. Is she late? He was absent. Was he absent?. ANOTHER EASY VERB. THE VERB TO BE ABLE We can eat lunch at one o’clock.

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start with easy questions
START WITH EASY QUESTIONS

THE VERB TO BE

  • I am happy.
  • Am I happy?
  • She is late.
  • Is she late?
  • He was absent.
  • Was he absent?
another easy verb
ANOTHER EASY VERB

THE VERB TO BE ABLE

  • We caneat lunch at one o’clock.
  • Can we eat lunch at one o’clock?
  • They can speak Spanish very well.
  • Can they speak Spanish very well?
  • Susan could recite the ABCs in kindergarten.
  • Could Susan recite the ABCs in kindergarten?

TO MAKE QUESTIONS, INVERT (SWITCH)

THE SUBJECT AND THE VERB.

another easy one will future auxiliary
ANOTHER EASY ONEWILL (FUTURE AUXILIARY)
  • She will move to the U.S. next year.
  • Will she move to the U.S. next year?
  • We will get married in May.
  • Will we get married in May?
  • I will see you later.
  • Will I see you later?
now get ready for the hard ones
NOW GET READY FOR THE HARD ONES!
  • 99% of the time we need to use something called an auxiliary (a helper) to make a question in English.
  • We use different auxiliaries (helpers) for different pronouns.
  • We use different auxiliaries for presenttense and for past tense.
  • ARE YOU READY TO LEARN THESE RULES?
present tense questions using most other verbs
Pronouns:

1. I

2. You

3. We

4. They

USE AUXILIARY DO

Examples:

I like hamburgers.

Do I like hamburgers?

They speak Chinese.

Do they speak Chinese?

PRESENT TENSE QUESTIONSusing most other verbs
review of present tense questions with do
REVIEW OF PRESENT TENSE QUESTIONS WITH DO

FOR THESE 4 PRONOUNS:

1. I

2. You

3. We

4. They

TO MAKE A QUESTION, PUT DO AT THE BEGINNING OF THE SENTENCE.

what happens with the other 3 pronouns
Pronouns:

1. He

2. She

3. It

USE AUXILIARY DOES

Examples:

She likes hamburgers.

Does she like hamburgers?

He lives in Ecuador.

Does he live in Ecuador?

WHAT HAPPENS WITH THE OTHER 3 PRONOUNS?
what are the rules
1. Put DOES at the beginning of the question.

2. CHANGE THE VERB

to the base form.

The “s” from the verb

is added to D-o-e-s.

EXAMPLES FOR DOES:

My pen has black ink.

Does my pen have black ink?

Her dog bites.

Does her dog bite?

He teaches ESL.

Does he teach ESL?

WHAT ARE THE RULES?
more examples of does
MORE EXAMPLES OF DOES
  • Maria types quickly.
  • Does Maria type quickly?
  • David drives a green car.
  • Does David drive a green car?
more examples of does1
MORE EXAMPLES OF DOES
  • Milk comes from cows.
  • Does milk come from cows?
  • It rains a lot in April.
  • Does it rain a lot in April?
now get ready for past tense questions
NOW GET READY FORPAST TENSE QUESTIONS!
  • Use the auxiliary DID (for all pronouns).
  • Change the verb back to the base form.

Examples:

  • She talked too much.
  • Did she talk too much?
  • I wrote my name on the test.
  • Did I write my name on the test?
  • The students went to the bathroom.
  • Did the students go to the bathroom?
past tense questions
PAST TENSE QUESTIONS
  • My father drove a bus.
  • Did my father drive a bus?
  • The women danced in the show.
  • Did the women dance in the show?
more past tense questions
MORE PAST TENSE QUESTIONS
  • The iguana lay on the roof in the sun.
  • Did the iguana lie on the roof in the sun?
  • The Mayans built temples in Mexico.
  • Did the Mayans build temples in Mexico?
harder past tense questions
HARDER PAST TENSE QUESTIONS
  • When the waiter walked down the steps, he dropped

the tray of food.

  • When the waiter walked down the steps, did he drop the tray of food?
more past tense questions1
MORE PAST TENSE QUESTIONS
  • When you explored the cave, you needed to wear a helmet and a wet suit.
  • When you explored the cave, did you need to wear a helmet and a wet suit?
and one final past tense question example
AND ONE FINAL PAST TENSE QUESTION EXAMPLE
  • While we were at the beach, a big wind came and my daughter flew away.
  • HOW WOULD YOU MAKE THAT PAST TENSE QUESTION?

YOU TRY IT!

compare your question to mine
COMPARE YOUR QUESTION TO MINE
  • While we were at the beach, did a big wind come and did my daughter fly away?