YES/ NO QUESTIONS • Inverting the subject and the verb • Adding helping verb before thesubject
QUESTIONS WITH AUXILIARIES • 99% of the time we need to use something called an auxiliary (a helper) to make a question in English THE VERB TO BE • I am happy. • Am I happy? MODAL VERBS • They can speak Spanish very well. • Can they speak Spanish very well? FUTURE AUXILIARY • I will see you later. • Will I see you later? PRESENT PERFECT AUXILIARY • Hehasn’t phoned us. • Hasn’the phoned us?
QUESTIONS IN PRESENT SIMPLE 1. Use auxiliaries DO / DOES at the beginning of the question. 2. In 3rd person singularCHANGE THE VERB to the base form. • The “s” from the verb is added to D-o-e-s. EXAMPLES FOR DO: • We have English every Wednesday. • Do we have English every Wednesday? EXAMPLES FOR DOES: • My pen has black ink. • Does my pen have black ink? • He teaches ESL. • Does he teach ESL? • Maria types quickly. • Does Maria type quickly?
QUESTIONS IN PAST TENSE • Use the auxiliary DID (for all pronouns). • Change the verb back to the base form. Examples: • She talked too much. • Did she talk too much? • I wrote my name on the test. • Did I write my name on the test? • The students spoke on the phone. • Did the students speakon the phone?
WH Questions WHO WHAT WHERE WHY WHEN HOW WHICH Person Things Place Reason Time Process Choose - there are WH questions about the subject and all other WH questions
1) Sentences withauxiliary verbs-You must invert the subject and the helping verb following the ‘wh’ word.Sammyisgoing to Florida.SubjectHelping VerbMain Verb Where?WhereisSammy going?
2)Sentences without auxiliary verbs. -need to have a form of the verb “do” inserted - change the main verb to its base form -wh word is in the initial position The man broke the window. Whatdidthe manbreak?
QUESTIONS ABOUT THE SUBJECT -when the subject of the sentence is not known, there is no inversion - when the questions is about the subject, the WH- word (who, what, which) replaces the subject and the verb is always in the singular • ?isfeeling sick. Whoisfeeling sick? ? are learning French. Who is learning French?