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Practice Quiz Chapter 4 WISDOM. Question 1 Question 2 Question 3 Question 4 Question 5 Question 6 Question 7 Question 8 Question 9 Question 10. Question 11 Question 12 Question 13 Question 14 Question 15 Question 16 Question 17. MAIN MENU. To Exit: Press Escape.

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slide1

Practice Quiz

Chapter 4

WISDOM

Question 1

Question 2

Question 3

Question 4

Question 5

Question 6

Question 7

Question 8

Question 9

Question 10

Question 11

Question 12

Question 13

Question 14

Question 15

Question 16

Question 17

MAIN

MENU

To Exit:

Press

Escape

slide2

1. Prudence or moral wisdom is BEST defined as

  • a. a consistent desire for the right thing.
  • the ability to consistently choose those actions which result in
  • good moral outcomes.
  • c. proper moral vision.
  • d. temperance.
slide3

INCORRECT

Rationale: Wisdom has more to do with

decision-making than motivation.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on wisdom

slide4

INCORRECT

Rationale: although having a strong moral

vision is part of Wisdom, it is not the whole

of it. Good deliberation and judgment are also

part of wisdom.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on wisdom

slide5

INCORRECT

Rationale: Although wise people are temperate,

temperance is a virtue, and not part of

wisdom per se.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on wisdom

slide6

CORRECT

Next Question

slide7

2. All of the following are required for the acquisition of moral wisdom EXCEPT:

  • good character; prudence seems unlikely if one is intemperate,
  • easily angered, lustful, and otherwise lacking in virtue.
  • b. experience; the ability to learn from mistakes and practice judgments.
  • c. certain intellectual talents, such as insight, discernment, and good observation, all of which help one gain something worthwhile from
  • experience.
  • d. high IQ, and special academic talent.
slide8

INCORRECT

Rationale: good character is essential for

moral wisdom.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on wisdom

slide9

INCORRECT

Rationale: experience is essential for acquiring

wisdom; the inexperienced seldom have such

a characteristic.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on wisdom

slide10

INCORRECT

Rationale: these are necessary for acquiring

wisdom; one cannot learn from experience

without these talents.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on wisdom

slide11

CORRECT

Next Question

slide12

3. Moral vision is BEST defined as:

  • the cumulative affect of good decisions and outcomes, leading
  • to a habit of continuing moral success.
  • b. a relatively well-defined sense of the good life, understood cosmically, communally, and in terms of one's own plans for life.
  • c. one's knowledge concerning the nature of the world and the nature of human life.
  • d. a particular end or goal of an action.
slide13

INCORRECT

Rationale: This is the definition of moral

competence; moral vision is one aspect of

wisdom.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on moral vision

slide14

INCORRECT

Rationale: although such knowledge contributes

to a moral vision, it does not fully define it.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on moral vision

slide15

INCORRECT

Rationale: particular goals may be a part of

a moral vision, but not the whole of it.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on moral vision

slide16

CORRECT

Next Question

slide17

4. Which of the following would BEST describe someone with a Romantic vision:

  • people who do the wrong thing are simply misguided and need to be shown the error of their ways; rather than destroy your opponent, you must learn to love them, and hope that you can transform them. There is hope that in the future those who oppose one another will be reconciled.
  • b. There are evil forces and vicious people in the world; but you can be hopeful that good will prevail in the end. What a good person has to do is find the right path, avoid false "prophets", and work to defeat those darker forces. It will not be an easy struggle, but if you stick to the right path and prove yourself worthy, you will be rewarded and victorious in the end.
  • c. In the end the only thing you have is your own sense of worth and self-respect. Death is the great equalizer-both virtuous or vicious will die, and there is probably nothing beyond death, or at least nothing better than life. The cosmos is not an especially friendly or hopeful place, so you cannot expect much help from those quarters. Thus, what you do in this life must be done for its own sake, must be its own reward, since there will probably be no other reward for it. Your goal in life, then, should be to prove your worth simply to prove it, and to embrace the way the world is.
  • d. humans are weak and flawed beings-and this certainly applies to yourself as well. They are quite capable of the most atrocious things even if they are quite capable of good acts. To eke out a decent life for ourselves we must band together in such a way as to constantly check and balance one another.
slide18

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is a good description of a comedic

or thalian vision.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on moral vision

slide19

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is a good description of a tragic

vision.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on moral vision

slide20

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is a good description of an ironic

vision.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on moral vision

slide21

CORRECT

Next Question

slide22

5. As argued by Aristotle, and argued in the textbook, flourishing is BEST defined as:

  • a psychological state characterized by contentment or sanguine
  • temperament.
  • b. the emotion of joy.
  • c. a condition realized in the virtuous exercise of a number of valuable and important practices and activities in one's life.
  • d. the achievement of status, power and wealth in one's life.
slide23

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is more precisely a definition of

happiness, which is contrasted with flourishing.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on the good life

slide24

INCORRECT

Rationale: flourishing is the result of doing, and

not an emotional state.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on the good life

slide25

INCORRECT

Rationale: this may be one form of what is

considered to be the good life, but may not

include all the activities necessary for flourishing.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on the good life

slide26

CORRECT

Next Question

slide27

6. Which of the following BEST reflects the comedic or thanlian vision:

  • the view of Thoreau, which suggests that there is a simple, more
  • honest and earthy life that lies behind the striving, hypocrisy, and workaholism of most people's lives.
  • b. the view of Martin Luther King, who envisioned a society in which division between the races was eventually overcome. This would be done not by one race conquering the other, but by the ability of both races to reach an inner sense of goodness and decency, join together in forming a better society.
  • c. the view of Paul, the Christian apostle, who argued that Christians must strengthen themselves by means of their faith in order to combat and win against the forces of evil.
  • d. the view of Jonathan Edwards, Puritan preacher and philosopher, who argued that human beings are not worthy of God, and it is only through his mercy that we are sustained. Without strong hand and guidance of God, human beings would fail and destroy themselves.
slide28

INCORRECT

Rationale: Thoreau expresses a satirical vision.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on the good life

slide29

INCORRECT

Rationale: Paul expresses a romantic vision.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on the good life

slide30

INCORRECT

Rationale: Edwards expresses an ironic vision.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on the good life

slide31

CORRECT

Next Question

slide32

7. Happiness, as argued in the text, is BEST defined as:

  • a. flow.
  • b. a psychological state characterized by contentment, joy, and/or sanguine temperament.
  • a condition realized in the virtuous exercise of a number of
  • valuable and important practices and activities in one's life.
  • d. the achievement of status, power and wealth in one's life.
slide33

INCORRECT

Rationale: flow is a peak experience, and may

not entirely describe happiness as a

psychological state.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on the good life

slide34

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is more correctly the definition

of flourishing.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on the good life

slide35

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is one sense of the good life;

happiness is more of a psychological state.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on the good life

slide36

CORRECT

Next Question

slide37

8. The research done on happiness by Lykken, Tellegen, Edward and Carol Diener, Frank Fujita, among others, comes to which of the following

  • conclusions:
  • happiness--understood as a psychological state--is dependent upon one's
  • successes in life, relative to income, status and marital harmony.
  • b. happiness-understood as a psychological state-is relatively independent of education, income, professional achievement or marital status; it seems to be a genetically based (though not inheritable) neuro-chemical stochastic and thermostatic)process, that is not permanently affected by life's events.
  • c. the happiest people are those in live in the most industrially advanced countries.
  • d. on a whole, the wealthiest people in a society will be the happiest.
slide38

INCORRECT

Rationale: these studies show no significant

correlation between these and happiness.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on the good life

slide39

INCORRECT

Rationale: these studies show no evidence for

this.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on the good life

slide40

INCORRECT

Rationale: these studies show no evidence for

this claim.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on the good life

slide41

CORRECT

Next Question

slide42

9. According to Aristotle which of the following BEST defines the good life for an individual, that is, constitutes flourishing:

a. a life that is successful at achieving honor and recognition.

b. the pursuit of pleasure that is constrained by temperance.

c. a life that involves friendship.

d. a life that uses virtue as a constraint and framework for the

pursuit of pleasure, comfort, wealth, emotional attachment and

recognition.

slide43

INCORRECT

Rationale: for Aristotle these do not constitute

the essence of a flourishing life.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on the good life

slide44

INCORRECT

Rationale: this more correctly describes the

virtue of temperance rather than the good life.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on the good life

slide45

INCORRECT

Rationale: although friendship is essential for

the good life, it does not define the whole of it.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on the good life

slide46

CORRECT

Next Question

slide47

10. Which of the following is the LEAST problematic in the pursuit of the American dream:

  • such a pursuit involves an inherent contradiction, so that the
  • pursuit of one goal may lead to the failure at another; in order to create comfort, one must work harder, which leaves less time for family relations, leading to a diminished relationship with loved ones.
  • b. the focus on family comfort and security often diminishes the role that family members play in community affairs.
  • c. the very things that bring enjoyment, such as electronics, may also diminish the quality of family life.
  • d. the pursuit of the American dream causes families to become less connected with one another precisely because they are often too involved in community affairs.
slide48

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is one of the more serious

problems.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on the good life

slide49

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is one of the more serious

problems.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on the good life

slide50

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is one of the more serious

problems.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on the good life

slide51

CORRECT

Next Question

slide52

11. Which of the following is the BEST description of deliberation:

a. it determines the best moral means to a morally good end.

b. it concerns the most efficient means to an end.

c. it is another word for calculation.

d. it is another word for cunning.

slide53

INCORRECT

Rationale: deliberation is not the same as

calculation.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on deliberation

slide54

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is more correctly the definition

of calculation.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on deliberation

slide55

INCORRECT

Rationale: deliberation and cunning are not

the same thing.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on deliberation

slide56

CORRECT

Next Question

slide57

12. Machiavelli's The Prince and Sun Tzu's The Art of War are good examples of:

a. cunning or cleverness

b. calculation

c. deliberation

d. good judgment

slide58

INCORRECT

Rationale: the writings of these authors are

considered to be models of cunning.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on cunning

slide59

INCORRECT

Rationale: the writings of these authors are

considered to be models of cunning.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on cunning

slide60

INCORRECT

Rationale: the writings of these authors are

considered to be models of cunning.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on cunning

slide61

CORRECT

Next Question

slide62

13. Which of the following is NOT true of Cicero's model of deliberation:

a. the advantageous should always outweigh the honorable.

b. of things that are possible one should choose the most efficient,

unless it violates the honorable.

c. the honorable action should be preferred to one that merely

secures advantage.

d. assuming that all choices are honorable, select the one that is the

most advantageous to you.

slide63

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is a claim which Cicero makes.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on deliberation

slide64

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is a claim which Cicero makes.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on deliberation

slide65

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is a claim which Cicero makes.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on deliberation

slide66

CORRECT

Next Question

slide67

14. Discernment is BEST described as ,

  • that part of deliberation which uses past experience, and the
  • recollection of cultural wisdom, to sort out the best thing to do in a certain situation.
  • b. that part of deliberation which involves a cognitive, affective and valuative discrimination of a particular situation, which is then used to compare and contrast this situation with others, so as to make the best decision about what to do.
  • c. a decision to act on what one considers the best among various courses of action deliberated about.
  • d. good moral taste.
slide68

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is more correctly a definition of

memory.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on discernment

slide69

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is more correctly a definition of

judgment.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on discernment

slide70

INCORRECT

Rationale: this confuses “discerning” with

“discernment.”

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on discernment

slide71

CORRECT

Next Question

slide72

15. Foresight is BEST described as,

  • that part of deliberation concerned with the possible consequences of an
  • action that might be taken, and using an estimation of these
  • consequences in order to determine whether the plan in mind is the best one.
  • b. that part of deliberation which uses past experience, and the recollection of cultural wisdom, to sort out the best thing to do in a certain situation.
  • c. that part of deliberation which involves a cognitive, affective and valuative discrimination of a particular situation, which is then used to compare and contrast this situation with others, so as to make the best decision about what to do.
  • d. a decision to act on what one considers the best among various courses of action deliberated at a certain time.
slide73

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is more correctly the description

of memory.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on foresight

slide74

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is more correctly the description

of discernment.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on foresight

slide75

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is more correctly the description

of judgment.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on foresight

slide76

CORRECT

Next Question

slide77

16. In the context of judgment, moral dilemmas are cases where:

  • one must choose between two goods, such as truth vs. loyalty,
  • short term vs. long term pleasures, individual vs. community,
  • or justice vs. mercy.
  • b. one must choose between the lesser of two evils.
  • c. one must choose between what is the right thing to do, and what is the wrong, but tempting thing to do.
  • d. you have a "Sophie's Choice."
slide78

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is an example of a tragic choice.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on judgment

slide79

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is an example of a moral

temptation.

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Click here for tutorial on judgment

slide80

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is an example of a tragic choice.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on judgment

slide81

INCORRECT

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on

slide82

INCORRECT

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on

slide83

CORRECT

Next Question

slide84

17. Assuming you believe that lying is wrong, choosing between a plan than includes lying as a way of shirking responsibility and blame for an action and avoiding its consequences, and, choosing to be honest in the situation despite those consequences, would be an example of which of the following types of judgment, according to Kidder:

a. moral dilemma

b. moral temptation

c. tragic choice

d. a choice between the lesser of two evils.

slide85

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is the case of choosing between

right and wrong, not between two rights.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on judgment

slide86

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is the case of choosing between

right and wrong, not between two wrongs.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on judgment

slide87

INCORRECT

Rationale: this is the case of choosing between

right and wrong, not between two wrongs.

Try Again

Click here for tutorial on judgment

slide88

CORRECT

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