The problem of equity culture class and school
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The Problem of Equity: Culture, Class, and School. Chapter 9. Anybody can make it in America, if they only try. I totally agree with Is way over simplified Is true for “normal” people. Anybody can make it, if they have the right parents and $$$$. I totally agree with

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Anybody can make it in america if they only try l.jpg
Anybody can make it in America, if they only try

  • I totally agree with

  • Is way over simplified

  • Is true for “normal” people

Anybody can make it if they have the right parents and l.jpg
Anybody can make it, if they have the right parents and $$$$.

  • I totally agree with

  • Is way over simplified

  • Is true for “normal” people

The uneven educational playing field l.jpg
The uneven educational playing field success

  • The best and the brightest here versus abroad

  • America is unique in how it attempts to educate its citizens

  • How schools are financed

  • Achievement gap…NCLB holds to the same high standards

What is race l.jpg
What is race? success

  • Historically has changed definitions

  • U.S. Census Bureau: white, black, Hispanic, Asian, Native

  • Many are bicultural or multicultural

  • Racism: an attitude that results in an action of discrimination

In america l.jpg
In America success

  • It’s impossible to not be racist

  • Older people are much more racist than the young

  • Racism is getting much better than before

At u m d l.jpg
At U.M.D. success

  • Racism is not a problem

  • I see racism every day

  • Racism happens, but is rare

The achievement gap l.jpg
The Achievement Gap success

  • At every level black children score lower than white, and the gap widens with time

  • Same with reading, but lower rate of widening

  • The gap between blacks and whites in college has increased in the past 20 years

  • Explaining the difference between Cuban/Mexican and Vietnamese/Cambodian

Social class l.jpg
Social Class success

  • Generally speaking refers to a group of people with a shared economic and social status…the two are linked

  • Primary factor in the quantity and quality of education that a child receives

  • Curriculum based on social class (to maintain the order)

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Theories Explaining the Achievement Gap success

  • Biological Explanations

  • Arthur Jensen…80% of intelligence is inborn, Herrnstein and Murray The Bell Curve (60% inborn)

  • Analytical intelligence, versus creative or practical intelligence (Sternberg)

  • Cultural Explanations

  • From cultural deprivation to cultural fit

  • Voluntary and Involuntary Immigrants

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Political Explanations success

  • Jean Anyon…five schools in a range of socioeconomic levels

  • Teaching-learning…huge differences, from rote learning, following rules, little choice, little explanation to finding the right answer with explanation to creative and independent activities, critical thinking, problem solving, application of concepts

  • Preparing children for their future “place” in society through the hidden curriculum

More reasons for the achievement gap l.jpg
More reasons for the Achievement Gap success

  • Unequal school resources

  • Digital divide

  • Ability grouping and tracking

  • Teacher expectation effect

Culture l.jpg
Culture success

  • A dynamic, creative, and continuous process including behaviors, values, and substance learned and shared by people that guides them in their struggle for survival and gives meaning to their lives

  • Affects ways of thinking, Family, Authority, Language

Equitable schools l.jpg
Equitable schools success

  • Addresses the racial/cultural/social-class achievement gaps

  • Multicultural curriculum

  • Insures all students are involved

  • Respects the local community

  • Celebrates diversity

  • Seeks out family participation

  • High academic expectations

Equitable schools16 l.jpg
Equitable schools success

  • Holds students and staff responsible for their work

  • Advanced classes and extracurriculars that students choose

  • Many opportunities for informed student choice

  • Ensure students learn skills to thrive in the mainstream

  • Participatory democracy

  • Establishes norms of community and practices them

  • Advocates for students and the community

  • Employs teachers interested in learning about cultures other than their own