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The Wilson Center ’ s Africa Program and Asia Program present:. So-Called Land Grabs in the Global South: Reality and Repercussions?. Wednesday, November 28, 2012 2:00 – 4:00pm 6 th Floor Flom Auditorium. The Challenges of Large-Scale Land Acquisitions. Karol Boudreaux

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The Wilson Center’s Africa Program and Asia Program present:

So-Called Land Grabs in the Global South: Reality and Repercussions?

Wednesday, November 28, 2012

2:00 – 4:00pm

6th Floor Flom Auditorium

the challenges of large scale land acquisitions

The Challenges of Large-Scale Land Acquisitions

Karol Boudreaux

USAID Africa Land Tenure Specialist

recent headlines
Recent Headlines

“CAMBODIA: Rural poor lose out in land deals”

“Multinationals grab African land”

“FOOD: Land-grabbing linked with hunger”

“Report: 'Unbridled' Rush for Land Grabs Leaving a Billion Hungry”

“Biofuels, food speculation pushing further land grabs”

“The great green land grab: "Land grabbing" is rarely out of the headlines”

sources of concern
Sources of concern
  • Rising demand/competing uses
    • Biofuel
    • Agriculture
    • Timber/forestry
    • Extractives
    • Conservation
    • Urban expansion
  • Weak consultative

process/poor engagement

  • Weak land governance systems/rent seeking
weak land governance is at the heart of large scale land acquisitions
Weak land governance is at the heart of large-scale land acquisitions

Legal pluralism contributes to ambiguous rights

Limited capacity/limited resources

Overwhelmed customary systems

Vested interests/corruption

Compounded problems for women

some of the gender impacts
Some of the gender impacts
  • Loss of land and resource rights
  • Lost livelihoods
  • Costs to gather wood/water
  • Displacements from social networks
  • Increased vulnerability

Source: jonhaylett.co.uk

recent responses
Recent responses

VGGT

G8’s New Alliance

Farmland Principles

ISO 26000

RAI

voluntary guidelines on the responsible governance of tenure vggts
Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGTs)
  • Soft Int’l Law
  • Participatory process
  • Recognize/Respect
  • Safeguard
  • Facilitate
  • Access to Justice/Services
  • Prevent Dispute/Conflict
vggts are a response to
VGGTs are a response to:

Rising food prices, food insecurity

Large-scale acquisitions

Harms to communities

Increasing recognition of need to address customary/informal tenure concerns

Desire for more integrated/participatory approach

Need to protect & empower all users

encouraging government actions
Encouraging Government Actions
  • VGGTs provide guidance to states to:
    • Improve service provision
    • Increase access to justice
    • Reduce corruption
    • Improve transparency & accountability
    • Recognize customary & informal rights, rights of IPs
    • Eliminate discrimination
    • Promote responsible investment
    • Address expropriation, redistribution, consolidation
    • Address valuation, taxation
implementing the vggts
Implementing the VGGTs
  • Adopted May 2012
  • G8/New Alliance commitments, including funding/implementation commitments
  • Efforts to implement will be bilateral/multilateral
  • New facility at FAO
  • What will it look like on the ground?
    • For communities
    • For private sector
    • For governments
how can the private sector help
How can the private sector help?
  • Recognize & respect legitimate rights
  • Advocate for joint rights/women’s rights
  • Increased focus on collaborative contracting
  • Partnering with producer groups – men & women
  • What’s exciting?
    • B-20 Task Force Recommendations
    • Farmland Principles
    • ISO Standards
    • Impact Investing
    • New Alliance
what else is needed
What else is needed?

Technology

Expanded legal education

Expanded access to justice

Resources to implement commitments

Continued CSO/NGO support

Spotlight on this issue

what is usaid doing
What is USAID doing?
  • Assisting efforts to secure land & resource rights in worldwide programming
    • Legal/policy reform
    • Building host capacity, public awareness
    • Engaging with customary authorities
    • Supporting NGOs/CSOs
  • Supporting New Alliance efforts
  • Supporting implementation of VGGT
secure land and property rights stronger communities more productive economies
Secure land and property rights:stronger communities, more productive economies

Source: Gregory Myers, USAID

thank you

THANK YOU

For more information please visit:

www.usaidlandtenure.net

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The Wilson Center’s Africa Program and Asia Program present:

So-Called Land Grabs in the Global South: Reality and Repercussions?

Wednesday, November 28, 2012

2:00 – 4:00pm

6th Floor Flom Auditorium