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TOBI, continued (continued)

TOBI, continued (continued)

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TOBI, continued (continued)

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  1. TOBI, continued (continued) February 2, 2010

  2. Languages! Polish 2 Tagalog 2 Urdu Spanish Afrikaans Korean Gujarati Italian Russian Swedish Also: Perception of palatalization in Irish Developing phonemic inventory in an 18 month-old

  3. Agenda • Return homeworks. • Questions on course project? • The final pieces of the TOBI puzzle. • More transcription practice. • On Thursday, we will be in Craigie Hall D428. • (the language lab)

  4. Mystery Solved • The Mystery Tone Language was the Amoy dialect of Min Nan, which is spoken in southern China. • There are five tones in Min Nan (the mystery language): • High Level 5-5 #3: #10: • Mid Level 3-3 #4: #7: • Low Falling 2-1 #5: #12: • High Falling 5-1 #1: #6: #9: • Low Rising 2-3 #2: #8: #11:

  5. TOBI, so far • Pitch Accents • H* and L* • Phrase Accents • H- and L- • Boundary Tones • H% and L% • Break Indices • 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 • Downstepping and Upstepping

  6. Bitonal Pitch Accents • In addition to H* and L*, there are three bitonal pitch accents. • Here are the first two: • L + H* • L* + H • The starred element denotes the tone which is associated with the stressed syllable. • L + H* = high peak on stressed syllable, preceded by a sharp rise in pitch. • L* + H = low pitch target on stressed syllable, followed by a sharp rise in pitch.

  7. H* vs. L + H* • Marianna won it. H* L + H* Note: informative vs. contrastive function

  8. L* vs. L* + H • Only a millionaire. L* + H L- H% H* • Marianna made the marmalade. L* L* H-H%

  9. L + H* vs. L* + H • There’s a lovely one in Bloomingdale’s. L* + H L + H*

  10. Filling the Gap • Another feature of phrase accents is that they fill in the gap between the nuclear accent and the boundary of the intermediate phrase. L* + H L- H% 1 0 1 1 4

  11. More Downstepping • Bitonal pitch accents can also undergo downstepping. L + H* L + !H* L + !H* L-L% 1 1 1 1 1 4

  12. H + !H* • The final pitch accent in the TOBI inventory is H+!H*. • This one often appears at the beginning of phrases.

  13. Pitch-Accents Round-up • There are five pitch accents: • H* • L* • L + H* • L* + H • H + !H* • The * attaches to stressed syllables. • The final pitch accent in an intonational phrase is the nuclear accent. • Generally perceived as more prominent.

  14. Practice Time… https://webdisk.ucalgary.ca/~swinters/public_html/ling441/TOBIlab3.html

  15. A Chunking Review utterance intonational phrase (intonational phrase) ... intermediate phrase (intermediate phrase) ... (pitch accent) nuclear accent (stressed syllable) stressed syllable

  16. Break Indices • 4 marks boundaries between intonational phrases • associated with a boundary tone (H% or L%) • sense of complete disjuncture • 3 marks boundaries between intermediate phrases • associated with a phrase accent (H- or L-) • lesser sense of disjuncture • 1 marks boundaries between words • 0 marks phonetic coarticulation between words • (2 marks uncertainties or apparent mismatches) • rarely used

  17. 0 Level Boundaries • 0 level boundaries are marked wherever there is clear coarticulation across a word boundary • Also for flaps across word boundaries, as in “got it” 0 1 1 4