promoting deeper levels of phonological awareness l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Promoting Deeper Levels of Phonological Awareness PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Promoting Deeper Levels of Phonological Awareness

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 29

Promoting Deeper Levels of Phonological Awareness - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 121 Views
  • Uploaded on

Promoting Deeper Levels of Phonological Awareness. Through Small-Group, Interactive, and Targeted Instruction. Goals of This Session. This session will explore: The components of phonological awareness

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Promoting Deeper Levels of Phonological Awareness' - yates


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
promoting deeper levels of phonological awareness

Promoting Deeper Levels of Phonological Awareness

Through Small-Group, Interactive, and Targeted Instruction

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

goals of this session
Goals of This Session

This session will explore:

  • The components of phonological awareness
  • The need for small-group instruction that targets the specific phonological needs of children
  • Ways to Apply Bloom’s Taxonomy in the teaching of phonological awareness
  • Instructional strategies that deepen student sensitivity to the sounds of our language

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

children have a natural propensity for language and word play
Children have a natural propensity for language and word play

Ehri, 1987

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

slide4
However, children differ in their awareness of sounds in language and the rate in which they develop such awareness

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

what is phonological awareness
What is Phonological Awareness?

Definitions:

  • The ability to detect or manipulate the sound structure of oral language
  • “…is a sensitivity to the segmental nature of speech, an explicit understanding that spoken language comprises discrete units ranging from words and syllables to smaller intrasyllabic units of onsets, rimes, and phonemes (Troia, G.A. (2004), p.1

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

why phonological awareness research findings
Why Phonological Awareness? Research Findings
  • Studies have shown that children who are better at detecting syllables, rhymes, or phonemes are quicker to learn to read (i.e., decode words) and this relation is present even after variability in reading skills due to intelligence, receptive vocabulary, memory skills, and social class are partialed out” (e.g., Bryan, MacLean, Bradley, & Crossland, 1990; MacLean et al, 1987; Wagner, Torgessen, & Rashotte, 1994)

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

why phonological awareness research findings7
Why Phonological Awareness?Research Findings
  • The relationship between phonological awareness and learning to read is reciprocal. That is, phonological sensitivity is critical to learning to read, and learning to read increases phonological sensitivity (e.g., Perfetti, Beck, Bell, & Hughes, 1987; Wagner et, al, 1994)” Whitehurst & Lonigan, 1998, p.852
  • Children who begin their reading instruction with deeper levels of phonological awareness have a powerful bootstrapping mechanism to progress in reading

Stanovich, K., E., 1992

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

the discovery of sounds in our language
The Discovery of Sounds in our Language
  • Generally, children are able to detect larger units of sounds (e.g., words in sentences, rhymes) before they detect smaller units (individual sounds)
  • This finding has great implications for the sequence of our instruction and the expectations we set for our students

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

components of phonological awareness
Components of Phonological Awareness

Words in Sentences

Rhymes

Syllables

Onset-rime

Phonemes

Phonemic

Awareness

Phonological Awareness

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

components of phonological awareness10
Components of Phonological Awareness

Words in Sentences (Concept of Word)

  • The knowledge that sentences consists of words that can be manipulated (Clapping words in a sentence)
  • Initially, students may focus on the syllables in the sentence, not the word

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

components of phonological awareness11
Components of Phonological Awareness

Rhymes

The ability to identify words that have the same final sound segment

e.g., Cat and Hat rhyme

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

components of phonological awareness12
Components of Phonological Awareness

Syllables

  • The ability to hear parts or segments of phonemes that comprise the rhythm
  • Most kindergarteners have some sense of “syllableness” even if they do not know what a syllable is

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

components of phonological awareness13
Components of Phonological Awareness

Onset and Rimes

  • The ability to segment a one-syllable word into beginning sound and rhyming unit

e.g., Bat can be divided into /b/ and /at/

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

components of phonological awareness14
Components of Phonological Awareness

Phonemes

  • The ability to divide syllables into the smallest unit of sound

e.g. Fog can be divided into three phonemes /f/, /o/, and /g/

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

phonological awareness and small group instruction
Phonological Awareness and Small-Group Instruction
  • Since students fall at various levels along the developmental progression of phonological awareness, teachers should address this important skill during small-group instruction
  • Small groups will allow teachers to target instruction and closely monitor student development

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

identifying small groups
Identifying Small Groups

Assessment-Based Decision Making

  • Teachers can determine the small groups by relying upon assessment data
  • Through the use of progress monitoring, teachers will be able to create flexible small groups that change as students develop

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

analyzing assessment data
Analyzing Assessment Data
  • The assessment needs to focus on the student’s ability to identify and play with parts of words in the following ways:
    • Segmenting
    • Blending
    • Deleting
    • Substituting

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

analyzing assessment data18
Analyzing Assessment Data
  • You may find that your students fall into very clear and distinct instructional groups:
    • Group 1: Rhymes and Syllables
    • Group 2: Onset and Rime (Beginning Sounds)
    • Group 3: Phonemes
  • Other times, student scores may indicate that they are all working on the same component of phonological awareness—perhaps at different levels

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

applying the principles of bloom s taxonomy revised
Applying the Principles of Bloom’s Taxonomy (Revised)
  • Deepening student phonological knowledge at each developmental level requires that teachers create learning experiences that provide many opportunities to build upon and expand student knowledge
  • Bloom’s Taxonomy (Revised) serves as a wonderful framework for teachers to use as it reminds teachers of the various levels of student understanding

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

bloom s cognitive process dimension
Bloom’s Cognitive Process Dimension
  • Remember—Retrieving relevant knowledge from long-term memory

[ex. Students identify rhyming words in a poem]

  • Understand—Determining the meaning of instructional messages, including oral, written, and graphic communication

[ex. Students sort words into two categoriesbased onrhyming words]

  • Apply—Carrying out or using procedures in a given situation

[ex. Students generate new rhyming words]

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

bloom s cognitive process dimension21
Bloom’s Cognitive Process Dimension
  • Analyze—Understanding how the parts relate to one another and to the overall structure purpose

[Students identify the shared sound unit (rime) within several rhyming words]

  • Evaluate—Making judgments

[Students check the categories in which they sorted rhyming words]

  • Create—Putting elements together to form a coherent whole or make an original product

[Students create a a display of objects in the classroom that rhyme]

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

analyzing four common phonological awareness activities
Analyzing Four Common Phonological Awareness Activities
  • Take a moment to read the lessons in handout 3. Let’s identify the cognitive dimensions that are being addressed
  • How could we expand these lessons to address other cognitive dimensions?

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

moving beyond remember understand and apply
Moving Beyond Remember, Understand, and Apply

More Effective Small-Group Instruction

  • As you are working within small groups, be sure that your lessons are brief, interactive, and are advancing students through the Cognitive Process Dimensions

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

instructional activities
Instructional Activities
  • In the next section, I will demonstrate various instructional activities for teaching phonological awareness while targeting the cognitive dimensions of Bloom’s Taxonomy
  • Most importantly, I will demonstrate how to make these activities interactive and fun for children

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

setting the stage for phonological awareness
Setting the Stage for Phonological Awareness

Important Materials/Resources for Effective Instruction

  • Poems, songs, nursery rhymes
  • Clapping and rhythmic chants
  • Movement and rhyme games
  • Pattern, rhythm and repetitive texts
  • Alliteration texts
  • Picture/word cards
  • Objects/toys in the classroom
  • Student Names

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

small group lesson plan format
Small-Group Lesson Plan Format

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

demonstration lessons

Demonstration Lessons

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

for students who need more support
For Students Who Need More Support
  • Use concrete instructional techniques
  • Slow down the presentation of the word or words
  • Use mirrors
  • Many repetitions in the same context
  • Authentic learning environments

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University

contact information
Contact Information

Terri Purcell, Ph.D.

Reading Education

Cleveland State University

t.l.purcell@csuohio.edu

216-802-3336

Terri Purcell, Ph.D. Cleveland State University