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The Odyssey. Background, history and things to know Pictures found off Google Images. Background (from The Iliad). The Iliad is the prequal (the book that comes before) to The Odyssey .

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The odyssey

The Odyssey

Background, history and things to know

Pictures found off Google Images

Background from the iliad
Background (from The Iliad)

  • The Iliad is the prequal (the book that comes before) to The Odyssey.

  • The Iliad is mainly about the Trojan war, where the Trojans were fighting the Greeks over a Trojan woman named Helen.

  • At the end of The Iliad, the Trojan War was over. The Greeks had been laying siege to Troy for nine long years, but suddenly it looked like their whole army had departed, leaving in their place a giant wooden horse behind as a gift of defeat.

  • The clever Greek Odysseus had tricked the enemy into bringing the colossal wooden horse within the walls of Troy. The Trojans had no idea that Greek soldiers were hidden inside, under the command of Odysseus.

From the iliad continued
From The Iliad, continued

  • That night, while the Trojans slept, Odysseus and his men emerged from the horse's belly. Opening the city gates, they admitted their comrades, who had snuck back in the dark.

  • Troy was sacked and the Trojans utterly vanquished. Now it was time for Odysseus and his fellow warriors to return to their kingdoms across the sea. Here begins the tale of the Odyssey, as sung by the blind minstrel Homer.

Greek gods
Greek Gods

Remember, in epic poems the gods and goddesses love to meddle in human affairs, so it is important to know who they are. The Olympians are the 12 gods who ruled after the overthrow of the Titans. They live on Mount Olympus.

  • Zeus: Supreme ruler of the Olympians. Lord of the sky, weapon is a thunderbolt, married to Hera but has many affairs.

  • Poseidon: Lord of the sea,

    weapon is a trident.

  • Hades: Lord of the

    Underworld, invisibility

    Helmet, rarely leaves his

    Kingdom of the dead.

Greek gods1
Greek Gods

  • Hestia: Zeus’ sister, goddess of the Hearth (home).

  • Hera: Zeus’ wife, protector of marriage and often seeks jealous revenge of Zeus’ affairs.

  • Ares: Son of Zeus and Hera. God of War.

  • Athena: Daughter of Zeus. Goddess of wisdom and justice. She is fierce and brave in battle.

  • Apollo: Son of Zeus, twin is Artemis. God of medicine, truth and the sun.

  • Aphrodite: Goddess of love, desire and beauty.

  • Hermes: Son of Zeus, he is the messenger of the gods. Wears winged sandals and a winged hat.

  • Artemis: She is a goddess of the hunt as well as the moon.

  • Hephestus: Son of Zeus and Hera, the only god to be physically ugly and lame. He is the god of forge and fire, and thus the smith of the gods.

Greek gods video
Greek Gods Video