Bolt-Action Rifle • The bolt-action rifle was carried by all British soldiers • It was possible to fire up to 15 rounds per minute and kill someone 1400 meters away.
Machine Guns • It was necessary for four to six men to have to man machine guns in 1914. • During this time machine guns could fire up to 400 rounds per minute and had the fire power of 100 guns.
Artillery • Term used to describe large-caliber mounted field guns. • The stalemate during the war meant that it was necessary to use long-range weapons. • It was necessary for crews of up to 12 men to work these weapons, with shells weighing up to 900 lbs.
Chlorine • German army was first to use chlorine in 1915. • Creates a smoke screen, with a distinctive smell, that leads to chest pains, and a burning in the throat. • Urine-Soaked cotton pads neutralized chlorine.
Mustard Gas • Most deadly biological weapon used in the trenches. • Odorless, took 12 hours to take effect, remained active for weeks once it landed in the soil. • Created blisters on the skin, sore eyes, and vomiting. • Would lead to a long and painful death.
War Machines • Zeppelin (Blimp) • Used for air raids, carried bombs and machine guns. • Abandoned because they were an easy target. Tanks * Use began due to rough terrain. * Maximum speed of first tank was 3 MPH and it could not cross trenches.
War Machines • Planes *A first to use planes in warfare *Emerged as equipment that would be armed with bombs, machine guns, and cannons.