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Increasing Mobility - Finnish Perspectives on Academic Mobility and Erasmus. Juha Ketolainen, Assistant Director Maija Airas, Head of Unit CIMO, Helsinki Zagreb, October 2007. Contents of Presentation. Current situation & trends National level elements Institutional elements Challenges.

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increasing mobility finnish perspectives on academic mobility and erasmus

Increasing Mobility - Finnish Perspectives on Academic Mobility and Erasmus

Juha Ketolainen, Assistant Director

Maija Airas, Head of Unit

CIMO, Helsinki

Zagreb, October 2007

contents of presentation
Contents of Presentation
  • Current situation & trends
  • National level elements
  • Institutional elements
  • Challenges
erasmus activities
Erasmus activities
  • Student mobility (study / work placement abroad)
  • Staff mobility (Teaching staff exchanges, other staff exchanges, university-enterprise exchange)
  • Intensive programmes (courses)
  • EILC (Erasmus Intensive Language Courses)
  • Organisation of Mobility Support
  • European Projects (Curriculum Development, University-Enterprise Cooperation, Modernisation of HE, Virtual Campus projects)
  • European Thematic Networks
  • Support for the Bologna process
administration of erasmus
Administration of Erasmus
  • Central level: European Commission & Executive Agency (+ European Parliament, Programme Committee, Working groups)
  • National level: National Authority (Ministry), National Agency, Expert committee, Individual Experts
  • Institutional level: Erasmus Coordinator, bilateral agreements between HEIs etc.
  • Individual grantholders
current level of student mobility
Current level of student mobility
  • Universities: 1/5 mobile in relation to annual intake (not only Erasmus)
  • Polytechnics(Universities of Applied Scinces): 1/8
  • Erasmus main channel (outgoing mobility: 45 %, incoming 72 %) but also an increasing number of other possibilities
  • Almost 1/10 participate in Erasmus
  • figures based on CIMO’s national data collection
features of mobility from finland
Features of Mobility from Finland
  • Strongly centered to Europe
  • 65 % of mobile students are female
  • All Finnish HEIs are active, no dramatic differencies
  • Engineering, NatSci, Teacher Training, Medicine could be better represented
most popular countries in erasmus student mobility
Most popular countries in Erasmus student mobility
  • Outgoing mobility: most popular host countries DE, ES, UK, F and NL
  • Share of UK is going down
  • Mobility to new member states growing annually
  • Incoming mobility: DE, F, ES, PL, IT
  • NB. Nordplus for Nordic exchange
some erasmus experiences
Some Erasmus experiences
  • Very few PhD students use Erasmus
  • Academic recognition improved over time, but still not without problems
  • Language preparation important; very positive experiences on EILC courses
  • Cooperation with student organizations important
  • Social integration of exchange students
  • Challenge: Erasmus work placements (trainee exchange, new element in Erasmus)
slide11
INSTITUTIONAL EXAMPLES (University of Oulu)
  • Incoming Student Services
  • Kummi programme:
    • Kummi (in Finnish: godparent) is a student tutor who helps the exchange student during the first days in Oulu. Each exchange student receives a Kummi
    • 45 Kummis work for the International Relations during the year, each Kummi has 8-10 students
    • Practical matters: registration to University, getting to know University and the City of Oulu, meeting Finnish students etc.
slide12
INSTITUTIONAL EXAMPLES continued (University of Oulu)
  • Incoming Student Services
  • Kummi Family Programme:
    • Friend family programme, Finnish families from the Oulu Area take part
    • 150 families, about 60% of students have a Kummi Family
    • Family and student meet during free time: getting to know Finnish family life, Finnish sports, customs, traditions etc. Students do not live with the families
    • City of Oulu supports the programme: organises the first meeting with the family
slide13
INSTITUTIONAL EXAMPLES continued (Univ of Oulu)
  • Incoming Student Services
  • Language preparation
    • several levels of Finnish courses
    • Tandem-project (“Each one teach one”)
      • student pairs (e.g. a Finn and an Italian) learn each others’ language
      • supervised by a Language Centre teacher
    • Café Lingua
      • Multi-language get-together with open programme and presentations
erasmus teaching staff mobility
Erasmus teaching staff mobility
  • FIN one of the most active countries
  • 1000 teachers annually out, 1200 in
  • Mobile teachers => Mobile students
  • Host countries: Eastern Europe more popular than in student mobility
  • EU funding not sufficient so far
  • Polytechnics more active
  • Challenge: New possibilities for other staff, and staff exchange between HEIs and enterprises
other forms of erasmus cooperation
Other forms of Erasmus cooperation
  • Intensive courses managed by National Agencies: over 20 coordinated by Finnish HEIs annually
  • Curriculum development projects
  • Other ”centralised” projects

- university-enterprise cooperation, modernisation of HE, virtual campuses…

• Thematic Networks

why national factors
Why – National Factors
  • National policies of the MinE
    • performance based management and funding of HE, internationalisation one indicator
    • Europe as a positive “chance”
  • National study aid – available to all mobile students
  • Module based study system, easy switch to ECTS
  • Creation of study programmes in English (currently over 400)
  • Well developed student services
some institutional elements
Some Institutional Elements
  • engagement of the leadership, international strategies
  • internal funding arrangements
  • special measures for ”passive departments”
  • quality assurance

• information and marketing work

• international cooperation as part of a teacher’s annual work load (especially Universities of Applied Sciences)

challenges
Challenges
  • Policy level:

cooperation => competition

exchange students => degree students

• Shorter study times, less mobility?

• Labour market changes, smaller generations

• Joint degrees and mobility within joint degrees

challenges continued
Challenges (continued)
  • How to get more male students moving? How to get engineers moving?
  • How to take advantage of the new possibilities offered by Erasmus, especially trainee exchanges?
some words on impact
Some words on impact

Individual

  • New competencies
  • ”Erasmus generations”

Institutional

  • Quality in HE improved
  • Professionalism in international cooperation
  • Erasmus as vehicle for international coop => networks, contacts, projects….

National

  • Finnish HE known in Europe
  • National output in HE better
  • Other programmes similar to Erasmus
slide21
Thank you!!

juha.ketolainen@cimo.fi

maija.airas@cimo.fi

www.cimo.fi