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Reflexive Verbs. Imparfait. Futur. Commands. Present Tense. Passé Composé. Conditionnel. Par Zoë, Nina, et Lexy. Present Tense (Regular Verbs). -er Verb Endings: Je: -e Tu: -es Il/Elle: -e Nous: -ons Vous: -ez Ils/Elles: -ent. -ir Verb Endings: Je: -is

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Reflexive Verbs




Present Tense

Passé Composé


Par Zoë, Nina, et Lexy

present tense regular verbs
Present Tense(Regular Verbs)

-er Verb Endings:

Je: -e

Tu: -es

Il/Elle: -e

Nous: -ons

Vous: -ez

Ils/Elles: -ent

-ir Verb Endings:

Je: -is

Tu: -is

Il/Elle: -it

Nous: -issons

Vous: -issez

Ils/Elles: -issent

-re Verb Endings:

Je: -s

Tu: -s

Il/Elle: --

Nous: -ons

Vous: -ez

Ils/Elles: -ent

Par Exemple:

Je chante

Tu chantes

Il/Elle chante

Nous chantons

Vous chantez

Ils/Elles chantent

Par Exemple:

Je finis

Tu finis

Il/elle finit

Nous finissons

Vous finissez

Ils/Elles finissent

Par Exemple:

Je descends

Tu descends

Il/elle descend

Nous descendons

Vous descendez

Ils/elles descendent


pass compos regular verbs
Passé Composé(Regular Verbs)




  • Sixteen Être Verbs
  • descendre 9. devenir
  • rentrer 10. entrer
  • mourir 11. retourner
  • rester 12. tomber
  • sortir 13. revenir
  • venir 14. arriver
  • aller 15. monter
  • naitre 16. partir
conjugations of avoir and tre
Conjugations of Avoir and Être



Tu as

Il/elle a

Nous avons

Vous avez

Ils/elles ont


Je suis

Tu es

Il/elle est

Nous sommes

Vous êtes

Ils/elles sont

These are auxiliary verbs.

irregular past participles
Irregular Past Participles

Acquérir acquis  Connaît reconnuDécouvrir découvert

Apprendre apprisConstruire construitDevoir dû

Atteindre atteintCourir couruDire dit

Avoir euCouvrir couvertEcrire écrit

Boire buCraindre craintÊtre été

Comprendre comprisCroire cruFaire fait

Conduire conduitDécevoir déçuInstruire instruit

irregular past participles p 2
Irregular Past Participles, p.2

Joindre jointLireluMettre mis

Mourir mortOffrir offertOuvrir ouvert

Naître néParaît reparu Peindre peint

Pouvoir puPrendre prisProduire produit

Recevoir reçuSavoir suSouffrir souffert

Suivre suiviTenir tenuVenir venu

Vivre vécuVoir vuVouloir voulu


  • A descriptive past tense which indicates an ongoing state of being or a repeated or incomplete action.
  • The beginning and end state of being or action are not stated.
  • Can indicate any of the following:
      • Habitual actions or states of being.
      • Physical and emotion descriptions (time, weather, age, feelings).
      • Actions or states of an unspecified duration.
conjugating the imparfait
Conjugating the Imparfait
  • The imparfait of all verbs – regular or irregular – is formed by dropping the –ons ending from the present nous form of the verb and adding the appropriate imparfait ending:

*Être is the only irregular verb in the imperfect. It has an irregular stem ét- but uses the same endings as all other verbs.


  • To form the future tense of -er and -ir verbs, add the appropriate ending to the infinitive. For -re verbs, drop the final e before adding the ending:
  • To form the conditional of -er and -ir verbs, add the appropriate ending to the infinitive. For -re verbs, drop the final E before adding the ending:

*Irregular conditionnel stems are the same as the irregular stems used to form the future tense.

  • There are only three grammatical persons that can be used in the imperative: tu, nous, and vous.
negative commands
Negative Commands
  • To make a negative command, place ne in front of the verb and the appropriate negative adverb after the verb:

N’ayez jamais peur. Never be afraid.

Ne parle pas! Don’t speak!


reflexive verbs
Reflexive Verbs
  • The subject performs the action on itself.
  • Here are a few common examples:

S’asseoir to sit (down) S’habiller to get dressed

S’appeler to be called Se laver to wash

S’arrêter to stop Se lever to get up

Se brosser to brush Se promener to take a walk

Se coucher to go to bed Se réveiller to wake up

reflexive verb examples
Reflexive Verb Examples

Se laver (Present Tense)

Se coucher (Past Tense)