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Cookies. History of the Cookie…. In America, a cookie is described as a thin, sweet, usually small cake. By definition, a cookie can be any of a variety of hand-held, flour-based sweet cakes, either crisp or soft. Each country has its own word for "cookie."

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history of the cookie
History of the Cookie…
  • In America, a cookie is described as a thin, sweet, usually small cake.
  • By definition, a cookie can be any of a variety of hand-held, flour-based sweet cakes, either crisp or soft.
  • Each country has its own word for "cookie."

England/Australia…………………………..Biscuits

Spain……………………………………….Galletas

Germany……………………………………Keks

Italy…………………………………………Pazzelle

Holland……………………………………..Koekje

France……………………………………….Tuile

  • According to culinary historians, the first historic record of cookies was their use as test cakes. A small amount of cake batter was baked to test the oven temperature.
what is in a cookie
What is in a cookie?
  • Same ingredients as a cake ---- but the proportion of ingredients used and methods of mixing varies just a bit.
  • Ingredients are best at room temperature.
  • Cookies have very little moisture added
  • Almost all cookie recipes start with….

1. Creaming the shortening and sugars

2. Adding eggs and small amounts of liquid

3. Then add dry ingredients

4. Fold in pieces: chips, fruit, nuts

cookie categories
Cookie Categories
  • Drop: cookies are made from soft dough dropped onto a cookie sheet.
slide7

Refrigerator: cookies are made by rolling dough into even rolls about 1 ½ - 2 inches in diameter. Rolls are wrapped in waxed paper and chilled as the recipe directs. Then the roll is sliced and baked

slide9

Molded: cookies are shaped by hand. Balls of dough may be rolled in chopped nuts or other coating before baking.

the perfect cookie
The Perfect Cookie!
  • Make all cookies uniform size so they cook evenly.
  • Use a bright and shiny cookie sheet for best results.
  • Use a shallow baking sheet.
  • Place cookies above the center rack in the oven.
  • Grease a cookie sheet only when written in recipe.
are they done yet
Are they done yet?
  • Cookies are done when they are light golden brown.
  • Cookies are soft when hot and harden as they cool.
  • Cookies should be removed from the pan with a wide turner and cooled on a wire rack
  • Cool cookies completely before storing or stacking.
  • Cookies should be stored in a lid. Tight for moist cookies and loose for crisp cookies.
it s a science project
It’s a science project!
  • Cakes are temperamental. The ingredients work together with scientific precision. Always follow the recipe.
  • Ingredients blend best at room temperature.
methods of mixing
Methods of Mixing…
  • Conventional:

-Fats and sugars are combined first to build volume in the batter.

  • One-bowl:

-A quick method for shortened cake.

-Combines dry ingredients first and then add moist ingredients.

cake categories
Cake Categories
  • Shortened:

-Higher fat content

-Sometimes called Butter Cakes

- One-bowl method of mixing is used

Examples: Cupcakes, Layer cakes, Sheet Cakes

slide16

Foam:

-Leavened by air trapped in the protein foam of stiffly beaten

egg whites

-Gives the cake a spongy texture and high volume

-Conventional method of mixing is used

-A tall sided or tube pan is used to support the volume.

Examples: Chiffon, Angel Food, Sponge

is it done yet
Is it done Yet?
  • Testing for doneness:
    • Cake will be golden brown
    • Bounce back when lightly touched.
    • A toothpick will come out of the cake
    • clean.
  • Cooling a Cake:
  • Shortened: Remove from pan and cool on a wire rack
  • Foam: Leave in pan and cool upside down, supports fragile
  • structure