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Cookies. Objective. Summarize factors that impact cookie quality. What Makes a Good Cookie?. Cookies come in all shapes, sizes, flavors, and textures It is important to know how various ingredients and methods influence the characteristics of a cookie. Flavor.

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  1. Cookies

  2. Objective • Summarize factors that impact cookie quality

  3. What Makes a Good Cookie? • Cookies come in all shapes, sizes, flavors, and textures • It is important to know how various ingredients and methods influence the characteristics of a cookie

  4. Flavor • The flavor of cookies is primarily determined by the quality of the ingredients used

  5. Flavor • Choose high-quality ingredients that are fresh • Follow recipes carefully and measure ingredients exactly

  6. Texture • Ingredients are the most important factor in achieving a particular texture in cookies • High-gluten flour can make cookies tough • Crisper cookies generally have a larger proportion of sugar • Softer cookies contain more fat and moisture • Chewy cookies have a higher amount of sugar combined with moisture, as well as more eggs

  7. Texture • Mixing and baking procedures also affect a cookie’s texture • Overmixing the dough develops too much gluten creating a tough cookie • Baking too long or at a temperature that is too high usually results in a dry, hard cookie

  8. Appearance • Cookies should be uniform in shape and size with an attractive appearance

  9. Appearance • Bake cookies at the proper temperature for the appropriate time to achieve proper color • Cookies can be uniformly decorated by applying icing, nuts, sanding sugar, or confections

  10. Objective • Explain the two most common methods for mixing cookie dough

  11. Mixing Methods • Two common methods for making cookie dough include • one-stage method • creaming method

  12. One-Stage Method • Simplest method for making cookies • Place all the ingredients into the bowl and mix • Mix for two to three minutes at moderate speed • Overmixing can result in tough dough

  13. Creaming Method • Gluten is less likely to overdevelop using the creaming method because the flour is added last

  14. Objective • Recall common methods for forming cookies

  15. Forming Methods • Cookies can be classified by the method used to form the cookie • Each technique creates a uniquely shaped cookie

  16. Drop Cookies • Use a portion scoop to create equal-sized drop cookies • When portioning, allow enough space between the drops of dough to allow the cookies to spread during baking

  17. Drop Cookies • Chocolate chip and oatmeal cookies are often made using the drop method

  18. Rolled Cookies • Rolled cookies are transferred to a sheet pan and baked after being cut into the desired shapes

  19. Rolled Cookies • After cutting, these cookies are often decorated with sanding sugar and confections before baking • Are especially popular for holidays and special occasions because of the limitless shape possibilities

  20. Rolled Cookies • After baking they may be decorated with fondant or other icings

  21. Spritz (Pressed) Cookies • Some bakeshops use a special cookie press to make spritz cookies • The dough is pressed through a specially shaped die to create specific shapes

  22. Sheet Cookies • Brownies are popular sheet cookies

  23. Sheet Cookies • The entire sheet pan is baked and later the sheet is cut into individual cookies • This method of forming cookies saves labor • Multilayered cookies can be created using this method

  24. Icebox Cookies • When making icebox cookies, the shaped dough is wrapped in plastic wrap or parchment paper and refrigerated • When fully chilled, the dough is firm and can be sliced into individual cookies

  25. Icebox Cookies • This technique makes it possible to create effects such as checkerboard or pinwheels

  26. Bar Cookies • Biscotti are an example of a popular bar cookie

  27. Bar Cookies • After shaping the dough into a log, it is flattened and baked • While it is still warm, the cooked log is sliced into one-inch (2 cm) segments to form cookies • The cookies are baked a second time to create a hard texture

  28. What elements are considered when judging the quality of cookies? Flavor Texture Appearance Review

  29. What determines the flavor of cookies? Quality of ingredients Proportion of ingredients Review

  30. What factors impact the texture of cookies? Ingredients Mixing and baking procedures Review

  31. What gives cookies an appealing appearance? Uniform size and shape Proper baking temperature and time Uniform decoration Review

  32. Describe the one-stage method for mixing cookie dough Place all ingredients in a bowl and mix Review

  33. Describe the creaming method for mixing cookie dough Mix butter or shortening with sugar and spices until smooth Add eggs and liquids and mix until incorporated Add flour and leavening agent and blend Review

  34. Name the methods used for forming cookies Drop Rolled Spritz Sheet Icebox Bar Review

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