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Impact of Natural Hazards in Some Key Cities in the Philippines Session 1 Safe Cities Module 2: Philippines Application
Background • The Philippine archipelago has a total land area of 115,800 square kilometers • It has 115 cities and 1,496 municipalities • Metro Manila is the seat of Philippine Government and is composed of 15 cities Safe Cities Module 2: Philippines Application
Hazards • An average of 22 typhoons enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility each year; 5 of which may be destructive • About 5 earthquakes a day is felt in the country. That is about 1,825 quakes a year! • From 1999 to 2003, 39 weather disturbances were experienced by the country Safe Cities Module 2: Philippines Application
CAMANAVA • CAMANAVA stands for Caloocan City, Malabon City, Navotas City and Valenzuela City • These areas are high prone to flooding and flashfloods due to its topographical location and rapid urbanization Safe Cities Module 2: Philippines Application
Marikina City • Marikina City is located along the valley in eastern Metro Manila. It is composed of 14 barangays, 12 of which lie along the Marikina River. • Marikina River is a tributary of the Pasig River • Marikina City’s population is approximately 480,000 to 500,000 Safe Cities Module 2: Philippines Application
Baguio City • Baguio City is located at the Cordillera Autonomous Region (CAR). It is prone to soil erosions, landslides and earthquakes. • 16 July 1990 Earthquake in Baguio City • 401 dead • 1,103 injured • 223 missing • 3,668 families rendered homeless Safe Cities Module 2: Philippines Application
Other Key Cities Prone to Natural Hazards • Ormoc City (Region VIII) • Flooding and Flashfloods • Dagupan City (Region I) • Flooding • Cabanatuan City (Region III) • Liquefaction • Butuan City (CARAGA) • Flooding Safe Cities Module 2: Philippines Application
Urban Growth • Urban Growth has aggravated the effects of natural hazards in previous years • Metro Manila’s population is about 10.5 million • Population Annual Growth Rate • City of Manila is 3.6% • Quezon City is 4% • Caloocan City is 3.5% Safe Cities Module 2: Philippines Application
Rapid Urbanization • Rural – urban migrants has boosted the percentage of squatters in Metro Manila. In 1980, National Housing Authority reported that one out of four Metro Manila resident is a squatter. • Rapid urban growth paved way for these informal settlers to build houses along the river banks and coastal areas. • Rapid Urbanization has tremendously aggravated the effects of natural hazards Safe Cities Module 2: Philippines Application
Payatas Dump Site Tragedy • This tragedy is dubbed as “trashslide” or “garbalanche” and happened only in the Philippines. • This is a concrete picture of the hazard incurred due to urban migrants. • This tragedy resulted to 224 deaths and 38 missing persons. Safe Cities Module 2: Philippines Application