impact of natural hazards in some key cities in the philippines
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Impact of Natural Hazards in Some Key Cities in the Philippines. Session 1. Safe Cities Module 2: Philippines Application. Background. The Philippine archipelago has a total land area of 115,800 square kilometers It has 115 cities and 1,496 municipalities

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impact of natural hazards in some key cities in the philippines

Impact of Natural Hazards in Some Key Cities in the Philippines

Session 1

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application

background
Background
  • The Philippine archipelago has a total land area of 115,800 square kilometers
  • It has 115 cities and 1,496 municipalities
  • Metro Manila is the seat of Philippine Government and is composed of 15 cities

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application

hazards
Hazards
  • An average of 22 typhoons enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility each year, and 5 of which may be destructive
  • About 5 earthquakes a day are felt in the country. That is about 1,825 quakes a year!
  • From 1999 to 2003, 39 weather disturbances were experienced by the country

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application

camanava
CAMANAVA
  • CAMANAVA stands for Caloocan City, Malabon City, Navotas City and Valenzuela City
  • These areas are high prone to flooding and flashfloods due to its topographical location and rapid urbanization

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application

marikina city
Marikina City
  • Marikina City is located along the valley in eastern Metro Manila. It is composed of 14 barangays, 12 of which lie along the Marikina River.
  • Marikina River is a tributary of the Pasig River
  • Marikina City’s population is approximately 480,000 to 500,000

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application

baguio city
Baguio City
  • Baguio City is located at the Cordillera Autonomous Region (CAR). It is prone to soil erosions, landslides and earthquakes.
  • 16 July 1990 Earthquake in Baguio City
    • 401 dead
    • 1,103 injured
    • 223 missing
    • 3,668 families rendered homeless

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application

other key cities prone to natural hazards
Other Key Cities Prone to Natural Hazards
  • Ormoc City (Region VIII)
    • Flooding and Flashfloods
  • Dagupan City (Region I)
    • Flooding
  • Cabanatuan City (Region III)
    • Liquefaction
  • Butuan City (CARAGA)
    • Flooding

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application

urban growth
Urban Growth
  • Urban Growth has aggravated the effects of natural hazards in previous years
  • Metro Manila’s population is about 10.5 million
  • Population Annual Growth Rate
    • City of Manila is 3.6%
    • Quezon City is 4%
    • Caloocan City is 3.5%

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application

rapid urbanization
Rapid Urbanization
  • Rural – urban migrants has boosted the percentage of squatters in Metro Manila. In 1980, National Housing Authority reported that one out of four Metro Manila resident is a squatter.
  • Rapid urban growth paved way for these informal settlers to build houses along the river banks and coastal areas.
  • Rapid Urbanization has tremendously aggravated the effects of natural hazards

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application

payatas dump site tragedy
Payatas Dump Site Tragedy
  • This tragedy is dubbed as “trashslide” or “garbalanche” and happened only in the Philippines.
  • This is a concrete picture of the hazard incurred due to urban migrants.
  • This tragedy resulted to 224 deaths and 38 missing persons.

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application

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