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INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS PowerPoint Presentation
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INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS

INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS

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INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS

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  1. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY COURSE ULP 0010 SEM II, 10/11 PROBLEM FORMULATION BY DR. MAZURA JUSOH FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS

  2. CONTENT • • Objective • • What is Research & Research Process • – Comparison between Masters and PhD • • Research Problem • – Criteria for Selecting a Problem • – Formulating Research Problem • – Writing a Research Problem • • Research Hypothesis INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS

  3. Objective of Lecture: To impart the skills on how to (i) formulate and (ii) Structure a research problem

  4. PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION

  5. THESIS ORGANISATION • TITLE • ABSTRACT (ENGLISH AND MALAY) • INTRODUCTION • LITERATURE REVIEW • METHODOLOGY • RESULTS AND DISCUSSION • CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION • REFERENCES • APPENDICES

  6. CHAPTER 1 • INTRODUCTION • RESEARCH BACKGROUND • PROBLEM STATEMENT • HYPOTHESIS • OBJECTIVE • SCOPE • THESIS OUTLINE

  7. OBJECTIVES This study is dedicated to design and develop a new crystalliser, the main component of a PFC process, to enable layer crystallisation of ice for the purpose of wastewater treatment. The objectives of the research are as listed below: • To design/develop a new crystalliser for PFC of wastewater; • To study the effect of circulation flowrate on the performance of the crystalliser; • To investigate the effect of coolant temperature on the partition constant (K), solution volume reduction and ice purity; • To determine the optimum process conditions (parameters) using Response Surface Methodology (RSM); • To profile the temperature distribution in order to calculate the overall heat transfer coefficient, Uo, for the PFC process.

  8. RESEARCH SCOPES With the intention of achieving the above-mentioned objectives, a series of scopes was implemented. The scopes determine the extent of investigations in achieving all objectives mentioned in the previous section. Below is the listing of the scopes involved: • The designing of the new crystalliser took into account new material of construction, shape to increase surface area and equipped with all relevant features for a successful PFC process; • The range of circulation flowrate studied was 400 to 1000ml/min, to investigate its effect on K, ice purity and solution volume reduction; • The coolant temperature range applied was -4 to -10˚C, investigated on the K value, solution volume reduction and ice purity;

  9. SOME TIPS….. • PLAN YOUR WORK FROM NOW • FOLLOW YOUR PLAN • BE CLEAR OF THE RESEARCH PATH • UNDERSTAND YOUR PROBLEM STATEMENT AND WHAT YOU WANT TO SOLVE • EXTENSIVE REFERENCES/LITERATURES • GOOD IN WRITING • WRITE LOTS OF PAPERS • HARDWORKING • PUNCTUAL

  10. DOWNLOAD UTM THESIS MANUAL • http://www.sps.utm.my  CURRENT STUDENT  ACADEMIC RESOURCES  GUIDELINES - THESIS MANUAL (2007 EDITION) - DOWNLOAD

  11. GOOD LUCK IN YOUR JOURNEY TO SUCCESS

  12. THE END