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International Trade. Vocabulary. Duties Quotas Tariffs Trade Barriers Dumping Anti-Dumping Countervailing Duties Most Favored Nation Trade Dress Law INCOTERMS. Online Dictionary of Trade Terms. http://www.citd.org/trade_info/sections.cfm?sid=5. Research Guides.

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Presentation Transcript
vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Duties
  • Quotas
  • Tariffs
  • Trade Barriers
  • Dumping
  • Anti-Dumping
  • Countervailing Duties
  • Most Favored Nation
  • Trade Dress Law
  • INCOTERMS
online dictionary of trade terms
Online Dictionary of Trade Terms

http://www.citd.org/trade_info/sections.cfm?sid=5

research guides
Research Guides

http://www.asil.org/resource/iel1.htm

http://www.llrx.com/features/trade3.htm

slide5

Hypothetical – You Represent a U.S. Company Who Wants

to Export Wooden Bedroom Furniture to Germany

introductory guides us perspective
Introductory Guides (US Perspective)

http://www.unzco.com/basicguide/index.html

http://www.sba.gov/oit/info/Guide-To-Exporting/all.html

stat usa globus ntdb german furniture market
STAT USA – GLOBUS & NTDBGerman Furniture Market

Industry Sector Analysis Reports by Country > Germany > Furniture

http://www.stat-usa.gov/mrd.nsf/vwISA_Country/B49760A5437E6D5B85256F83002C48DB?OpenDocument&sessID=60AB02C10315341

export gov trade data 10 digit 940350
Export.govTrade Data > 10 digit > 940350

http://www.ita.doc.gov/td/industry/otea/index.html

international addresses and salutations http www bspage com address html
International Addresses and Salutationshttp://www.bspage.com/address.html
business culture guides
Business Culture Guides

http://www.cyborlink.com/besite/germany.htm

http://www.executiveplanet.com/business-etiquette/Germany.html

doing business in
Doing Business in _______

http://www.hg.org/guides.html

country commercial guides
Country Commercial Guides

http://www.buyusainfo.net/adsearch.cfm?search_type=int&loadnav=no

significant u s trade laws
Significant U.S.Trade Laws
  • Tariff Act of 1930 (Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act)
material on ad cvd
Federal Procedure: Lawyer’s Edition –

OCU Reference

Westlaw (FEDPROC) 37:644

Material on AD/CVD

http://www.usitc.gov/An anti-dumping countervailing duty handbook, guidelines for hearings, timetables for investigations and administrative orders issues in AD/CVD cases is accessible from the website.

significant u s trade laws1
Significant U.S.Trade Laws
  • Tariff Act of 1930 (Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act)
  • Trade Act of 1974
  • 1979 Acts
  • Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988
  • Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act of 2000 (Byrd Amendment )
important governmental organs
Important Governmental Organs
  • Congress
  • Executive
    • Department of Commerce
      • International Trade Administration
determining tariffs and taxes
Determining Tariffs and Taxes

http://www.trade.gov/td/tic/

step 2 determine country tariff info and tax info
Step 2: Determine Country Tariff Info and Tax Info

Notice that Germany also uses the HTS so furniture is easily found under chapter 94.

important governmental organs1
Important Governmental Organs
  • Congress
  • Executive
    • Department of Commerce
      • International Trade Administration
    • Treasury > Customs (freight forwarder)
    • International Trade Commission
    • United States Trade Representative
us customs
US Customs

http://www.customs.ustreas.gov/ - CROSS Database of customs rulings

international trade commission
International Trade Commission

http://www.usitc.gov/

us trade representative
US Trade Representative

http://www.ustr.gov/ Lists trade agreements the US is a party to. Dispute Settlement

section give summary of pending actions. Publishes: Trade Policy Agenda and

Annual Report of the President of the United States.

what if there is a dispute
What if there is a dispute?
  • Arbitration
  • Administrative Agencies
    • Customs http://rulings.customs.gov/
    • International Trade Commission
      • Federal Procedure 37:644
  • Court of International Trade
  • Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
research strategy us trade law
Research Strategy – US Trade Law
  • ID Relevant Statutes (use annotations)
  • ID Relevant Agencies
    • Use Agency Website
    • Federal Procedure Lawyer’s Edition
  • Be aware of US’s International Obligations
    • USTR’s Report (http://www.ustr.gov/)
  • Case Law (admin agencies & specialized cts.)
  • Secondary Sources (Restatement)
  • Current Events
documentary sales transaction
Documentary Sales Transaction

Image from International Business Transactions In a Nutshell, pp. 128.

cisg contracting states
CISG - Contracting States

http://www.cisg.law.pace.edu/cisg/cisgintro.html

interpreting the cisg article 7 1
Interpreting the CISG – Article 7(1)
  • 7(1) In the interpretation of this convention, regard is to be had to its international character and to the need to promote uniformity in its application and the observance of good faith in international trade.
suggested methodology for interpreting the cisg
Suggested Methodology for Interpreting the CISG
  • Text of the CISG
  • Travaux
  • Comparative Law to see the meaning of a term in the Contracting States
  • Do not use normal means of interpreting international treaties

Schlechtreim Treatise pp. 62-65.

interpreting the cisg article 7 2 gap filling
Interpreting the CISG – Article 7(2)Gap Filling
  • 7(2) Questions concerning matters governed by this Convention which are not expressly settled in it are to be settled in conformity with the general principles on which it is based or, in the absence of such principles, in conformity with the law applicable by virtue of the rules of private international law.
7 2 gap filling
7(2) Gap Filling
  • General Principles
    • As defined by Kritzer (pp. 114-119)
    • UNIDROIT’s Uniform Law on the International Sale of Goods
    • UNIDROIT’s Principles of International Commercial Contracts
7 2 gap filling1
7(2) Gap Filling
  • Rules of Private International Law?
cisg research strategy
CISG Research Strategy
  • Kritzer, Guide to Practical Application of the CISG.
  • Schlechtriem, Commentary on the UN Convention
  • Travaux
  • Cases – Pace and CLOUT Databases
pace s cisg database
Pace’s CISG Database

http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/

unidroit
UNIDROIT

http://www.unidroit.org/english/home.htm

unictral
UNICTRAL

http://www.uncitral.org/en-index.htm

incoterms
INCOTERMS

http://www.iccwbo.org/index_incoterms.asp

2 bill of lading
2) Bill of Lading

Federal Bill of Lading Act, 49 U.S.C.A. § 80101-80116 (governs transferability)

Harter Act, 46 U.S.C.A. § 190-196 (governs form and content)

Carriage of Goods by Sea Act, 46 U.S.C.A. § 1300-1315 (governs form and content)

3 letter of credit
3) Letter of Credit

Governed by:

-UCC Article 5

-International Chamber Commerce’s Uniform Customs and Practices for

Documentary Credits (UCP)

other shipping documents certificate of origin
Commercial Invoice

Policy of Marine Insurance

Certificate of Inspection

Import License

Certificate of Origin

OUR FREIGHT BROKER WILL TAKE CARE OF ALL OF THIS!

Other Shipping DocumentsCertificate of Origin
slide47
WTO

http://www.wto.org/

nafta
NAFTA

http://www.nafta-sec-alena.org/DefaultSite/index_e.aspx

images of shipping documents
Images of shipping documents
  • http://www.unzco.com/basicguide/c10.html#Documentation
will we need an export license
Will we need an export license ?

http://www.bxa.doc.gov/licensing/ExportingBasics.htm

general economic data cia world factbook
General Economic DataCIA World Factbook

http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/