PEACE THEOLOGY 101. LECTURE 7. PEACE THEOLOGY 101. Introduction to Peace Theology.
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PEACE THEOLOGY 101 LECTURE 7 PEACE THEOLOGY 101
PEACE THEOLOGY 101 Introduction to Peace Theology. This course will help the students to appreciate and to evaluate a biblical understanding and contemporary practice of Peace Theology. Such evaluation will be done within the framework of social sciences and informed from the perspective of biblical theology. The students will be intellectually, emotionally, and volitionally involved in the current discussions on the meanings, proposals, and tasks of Peace Theology. PEACE THEOLOGY 101
TOWARDS A TANAKH THEOLOGY OF SOCIO-POLITICAL TRANSFORMATION PEACE THEOLOGY 101
PEACE THEOLOGY THE PEACE OF GOD IS CENTRAL TO THE GOOD NEWS • Harmony with God(Spiritual Transformation) • Harmony with the Self(Psycho-Social Transformation) • Harmony with Others (Social-Political Transformation) • Harmony with the Creation(Economic-Ecological Transformation) PEACEBUILDING=SHALOMLIVING PEACE THEOLOGY 101
PEACEBUILDING IS SHALOMLIVING SHALOM-LIVING IS A COMPREHENSIVE STRATEGYShalomLiving encompasses, generates, and sustains the full array of processes, approaches, and stages needed to transform conflict toward more sustainable, peaceful relationships. SHALOM-LIVING IS A DYNAMIC TRANSFORMATIONShalomLiving is not merely seen as a stage in time or a condition. It is a dynamic transformation and requires a process of continuous building. It needs investment and materials, architectural design and coordination of labor, laying of a foundation, detailed finish work, as well as continuing maintenance. SHALOM-LIVING INVOLVES WIDE RANGE OF ACTIVITIESShalomLiving involves a wide range of activities and functions that both precede and follow formal peace accords. Such activities include conflict transformation, military intervention and conversion, governance and policymaking, restorative and transitional justice, environmental protection, human rights, civilian and military peacekeeping, peace education, activism and advocacy, trauma healing, and social-economic development .
ACTORS TO PEACEBUILDING ACTORS ACTIONS LEVEL 1:TOP LEADERSHIP LEVEL 2:MIDDLE-RANGELEADERSHIP LEVEL 3:GRASSROOTSLEADERSHIP :: Focus on high-level negotiations :: Emphasizes ceasefire :: Led by highly visible, single mediator :: Problem-solving workshops :: Training in conflict resolution :: Peace Commissions :: Insider-partial teams :: Local Peace Commissions :: Grassroots training :: Prejudice reduction :: Psycho-social work in post-war trauma FEW AFFECTED POPULATION MANY
AN INTEGRATED FRAMEWORK FOR PEACEBUILDING John Paul Lederach, Building Peace: Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies (USIP, Wash., DC, 1997, p. 80) SYSTEM SUB-SYSTEM LEVEL OF RESPONSE RELATIONSHIP ISSUE DESIRED FUTURE 10-25+ yrs CRISIS INTER-VENTION6 wks-1 yr PREPARATION ANDTRAINING1-5 yrs DESIGN OF SOCIALCHANGE5-10 yrs TIME FRAME OF ACTIVITY
CONFLICT Conflict is an expressed struggle between at least two interdependent parties who perceive incompatible goals, scarce recources, and interference from the other party in achieving their goals.
CONFLICT TRANSFORMATION …is to envision and respond to the ebb and flow of socialconflict as life-giving opportunities for creating constructive change processes that reduce violence, increase justice in direct interaction and social structures, and respond to real-life problems in human relationships.
CONFLICT TRANSFORMATION ANDCONFLICT RESOLUTION CONFLICT TRANSFORMATIONProcesses of change in relationships...towards reconciliation... continuous...life-time process... It's the big picture. CONFLICT RESOLUTIONSocial processes focused on solvingspecific issues or casesaffecting ConflictTransformation. It's the smaller picturethat affects the bigger picture.
CONFLICT RESOLUTION CONTINUUM EXTERNAL INFLUENCE TO THE PROCESS AND OUTCOME PARTIES’ CONTROL OF PROCESS AND OUTCOME
MANAGING CONFLICT ENERGY CONFLICT ENERGY EXPRESSED DESTRUCTIVELY SUPPRESSED REPRESSED EXPRESSED CONSTRUCTIVELY LOST OPPORTUNITY FOR GOOD RESULT PERSONAL, SOCIAL, AND POLITICAL CHANGE VIOLENCE CONFLICT CONTINUES RESENTMENT AND INJUSTICES INCREASE
PROCESS OF RECONCILIATION Reconciliation is focused on building relationship between antagonists. Reconciliation is a place, a locus, a space created for encounter by the parties. Reconciliation is a great biblical-theological conceptand a practical course of action. PEACE THEOLOGY 101
POSITIONS AND INTERESTS POSITION POSITION INTERESTS
HOW CONFLICT TRANSFORMS A COMMUNITY DESTRUCTIVE 7. POLARIZATIONChange in social organization LESS ACCURATE COMMUNICATION 6. ANTAGONISMHostility 5. EYE FOR AN EYEReaction & escalation LESS DIRECT CONTACT P CASE NEEDS INTERVENTION _ 4. NEGATIVE TRIANGLETalk negatively about, not with P MORE VIOLENCE LESS TRUST P P 3. ISSUE PROLIFERATIONFrom specific to general P 2. SHIFT FROM DISAGREEMENT TO PERSONAL ANTAGONISMPerson seen as problem =P P= 1. PROBLEM-SOLVINGDisagree but share problem CONSTRUCTIVE P
THE JOURNEY TOWARDS RECONCILIATION DESTRUCTIVE 7. CEASEFIRERealize effects of violence 7. POLARIZATIONChange in social organization MORE ACCURATE COMMUNICATION 6. MONITOR CEASEFIRESeek mediation 6. ANTAGONISMHostility M M 5. AGREE TO NEGOTIATEProactive de-escalation 5. EYE FOR AN EYEReaction & escalation M MORE DIRECT CONTACT P M CASE NEEDS INTERVENTION + 4. NEGATIVE TRIANGLETalk negatively about, not with 4. POSITIVE TRIANGLETalk positively about, not with P LESS VIOLENCE MORE TRUST M 3. ISSUE CLARIFICATIONFrom general to specific P P 3. ISSUE PROLIFERATIONFrom specific to general M P P 2. SHIFT FROM PERSONAL ANTAGONISM TO DISAGREEMENT Person not seen as problem 2. SHIFT FROM DISAGREEMENT TO PERSONAL ANTAGONISMPerson seen as problem =P P= P 1. STICK WITH PROBLEM-SOLVINGDisagree but share problem 1. PROBLEM-SOLVINGDisagree but share problem P CONSTRUCTIVE PEACE THEOLOGY 101
REFLECTION: THE HUMAN DIMENSIONS OF MY ENEMY