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Theology 101. Theology includes the doctrines of The Person and Works of God The Trinity Creation Providence The Fall of Mankind into Sin & Disobedience The Incarnation – the Physical Birth of Jesus Redemption Eschatology. Bibliology Theology Proper Anthropology Angelology

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Theology includes the doctrines of

  • The Person and Works of God
  • The Trinity
  • Creation
  • Providence
  • The Fall of Mankind into Sin & Disobedience
  • The Incarnation – the Physical Birth of Jesus
  • Redemption
  • Eschatology


  • Theology Proper
  • Anthropology
  • Angelology
  • Soteriology
  • Christology
  • Pneumatology
  • Ecclesiology
  • Eschatology

“Religion” is used in a general sense for any adoration or service of God, a god, or gods. It includes




A system of beliefs

“To be religious is to be aware, or conscious of, the existence of a supreme being and to live in light of the demands of that supreme being”


“The Christian religion is restricted to Biblical Christianity, the true religion which is set forth in the Holy Scriptures. It is the awareness of the true God and our responsibility to him”(Theissen, Systematic Theology, p. 2).

  • Theology: The facts concerning God and His relationship to the universe leads to theology
  • Theology is how we organize our thoughts concerning God and the universe
  • Religion: The expression in attitudes and actions and the effects these thoughts have produced in mankind
  • Theology and Philosophy differ in their approach to and method of attaining their objectives
  • They both seek a comprehensive world and life view
  • Theology begins with the belief in the existence of God, and that He is the cause of all things---except sin.
  • Philosophy begins with some other given thing and the idea that it is sufficient to explain the existence of all other things
    • No theory of origins
    • No doctrines of providence, sin, salvation, or the final consummation of things on this earth
    • We cannot come to know God through philosophy

“We do speak wisdom among those who are mature; a wisdom, however, not of this age, nor of the rulers of this age, who are passing away; but we speak God’s wisdom…the wisdom which none of the rulers of this age understood; for if they had understood it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory” (I Cor. 1:21)

the necessity of theology
The Necessity of Theology
  • The nature of the human intellect and the practical concerns of life require some sort of theological belief
    • The organizing instinct of the intellect
    • The human intellect seeks for unification and systematization of knowledge
    • The mind is not satisfied to discover certain facts about God, or man, or the universe, but seeks to know the relations between persons and things and to organize them into a system
the character of unbelief
The Character of Unbelief
  • “The dangers that threaten the church come not from science, but from philosophy”(Theissen, p. 4)
  • Atheism: “a disbeliefin the existence of God”
  • Agnosticism: One who believes that any ultimate reality (God) is unknown and probably unknowable
the character of unbelief1
The Character of Unbelief
  • Pantheism: a belief that equates God with the forces and laws of the universe; the worship of all gods of different creeds, cults, or peoples indifferently---the toleration of worship of all gods
  • Unitarianism: a belief that the deity exists only in one person; a member of a denomination that stresses individual freedom of belief, the free use of reason in religion, a united world community and liberal social action (ecumenism)
memory verses
Memory Verses
  • Ephesians 4:14 “As a result, we are no longer to be children, tossed here and there by waves, and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by the trickery of men, by craftiness in deceitful scheming; but speaking the truth in love, we are to grow up in all aspects into Him, who is the head, even Christ”