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PEACE THEOLOGY 101. LECTURE 3. PEACE THEOLOGY 101. Introduction to Peace Theology.

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PEACE THEOLOGY 101

LECTURE

3

PEACE THEOLOGY 101

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PEACE THEOLOGY 101

Introduction to Peace Theology.

This course will help the students to appreciate and to evaluate a biblical understanding and contemporary practice of Peace Theology. Such evaluation will be done within the framework of social sciences and informed from the perspective of biblical theology.

The students will be intellectually, emotionally, and volitionally involved in the current discussions on the meanings, proposals, and tasks of Peace Theology.

PEACE THEOLOGY 101

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DEVELOPING AN

UNDERSTANDING OF

THEOLOGY

PEACE THEOLOGY 101

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3. WARFARE ANDTHE EXODUS

Exclusiveness of Yahweh’s miracle

Recognition that Yahweh is the King

Action of Yahweh in human history through Yahweh’s prophets

YAHWEH IS KING!

PEACE THEOLOGY 101

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WRITING YOUR OWN

DEFINITION OF

THEOLOGY

PEACE THEOLOGY 101

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THEOLOGY

HOW DO YOU UNDERSTAND THIS TERM?

θεὸς

λόγος

PEACE THEOLOGY 101

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YHWH

HEBREW UNDERSTANDING OFTHE TETRAGRAMMATON

hwhy

hyh

From the verb “to be”

PEACE THEOLOGY 101

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TANAKH TEXT HISTORY

ACCORDING TO MODERN SCHOLARS

PEACE THEOLOGY 101

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PROTO-MASORETIC TEXT

Much of the contents of the Tanakh, according to the Talmud, were compiled by the Men of the Great Assembly by 450 BCE, and have since remained unchanged.

Modern scholars believe that the process of canonization of the Tanakh became finalized between 200 BCE and 200 CE.

The Nash Papyrus (2nd century BC) contains a portion of a pre-Masoretic Text, specifically the Ten Commandments and the ShemaYisrael prayer.

PEACE THEOLOGY 101

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THE SEPTUAGINT - LXX

An ancient Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible.

It was originally the designation for the Koine Greek translation of the Pentateuch, but came in time to refer to the Greek translation of the Old Testament adopted by Christians.

The translation process was undertaken in stages between the 3rd century BCE and the 1st century CE, initially in Alexandria, but in time possibly elsewhere too. 

Although the translation was not completed for some time, it reached completion before 132 BCE.

PEACE THEOLOGY 101

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ALEPPO CODEX

The Aleppo Codex is a medieval manuscript of the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh), associated with Rabbi Aaron Ben Asher. The Masoretic scholars wrote it in the early 10th century, probably in Tiberias, Israel. It is in book form and contains the vowel points and grammar points (nikkudot) that specify the pronunciation of the ancient Hebrew letters to preserve the chanting tradition. It is perhaps the most historically important Hebrew manuscript in existence.

PEACE THEOLOGY 101

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ETYMOLOGY OF THE TERM “GOD”

Anglo-Saxon God. German Gott. Gothic root gheu

"to invoke,” “to sacrifice to,“

"the one invoked," "the one sacrificed to."

Indo-Germanic roots div (where we got the term divine)

"to shine" or "give light"

Indo-Iranian deva

Sanskrit dyaus

Latin deus(gen. Dios, Latin Jupiter  or Jovpater

Greek Zeus,Theos

Irish and Gaelic dia

Old Teutonic Tiu or Tiw(surviving where we got Tuesday)

(THE CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06608x.htm)

YAHWEH-

FILLED

MOST EFFECTIVE

WHEN ACTIVE NON-VIOLENT MISSIONARY APPROACHESWERE APPLIED

PEACE THEOLOGY 101

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SOURCES OF THEOLOGICAL REFLECTION

  • Scripture
  • Experience
  • Tradition
  • Reason

PEACE THEOLOGY 101

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NATURE OF DOCTRINE

ACCORDING TO GEORGE LINDBECK

Cognitive-PropositionalDoctrine must be recognized as truth-statement

Experiential-ExpressiveDoctrine must be experienced and expressed

Linguistic-CulturalDoctrine must be learned and practiced like learning a new language and culture

  • George A. Lindbeck,The Nature of Doctrine: Religion and Theology in a Post-Liberal Age, Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1984.

PEACE THEOLOGY 101

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THEOLOGY

AS UNDERSTOOD BY DANN PANTOJA

  • Thinking about God, humanity,
  • and the creation
  • using a mix of
    • cognitive-propositional,
    • experiential-expressive, and
    • linguistic-cultural
  • approaches,
  • and using
    • Scripture,
    • Experience,
    • Tradition, and
    • Reason
  • as sources
  • in order to worship God and
  • to act out one’s faith within the contexts of our local and global realities.

PEACE THEOLOGY 101

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NOW,

WRITE YOUR OWN

DEFINITION OF

THEOLOGY

PEACE THEOLOGY 101