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Introduction into the French Airport System

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  1. Introduction into the French Airport System • Data • Role of the French state • Regulation • Privatization trends • Aéroports de Paris

  2. Introduction into the French Airport System Data • >100 airports in France • >125 Mio passengers in 2004, that is 6,5% of worldwide air traffic by only 1% of worldwide population • 12 biggest airports = 90% of traffic • Regional airports often highly subsidized by departments/regions Data: OECD 2004

  3. Introduction into the French Airport System Data Data: DGAC 2005

  4. Introduction into the French Airport System Role of the French state • Traditional much influence • Planification and nationalization after WW2 in the French economy • Market is not seen as guiding- and coordination-system • Central control and guidance of state necessary • Logic of “grands corps” and “grandes écoles” in France for public enterprises (e.g. France Telecom, Air France, SNCF and ADP) and administration

  5. Introduction into the French Airport System Role of the French state II Data: OECD 2004

  6. Introduction into the French Airport System Regulation • Direction général de l’aviation civile • Fixation of charges over 5 years, proposal of ADP to the ministry veto • Single-till approach

  7. Introduction into the French Airport System Privatization I • April 2005 new law: opening of capital of ADP and 12 biggest airports in France • ADP: change into societé anonym, 100% of shares in public hand • opening of capital expected in April 2006 • Majority of shares will still be owned by the French government, approx 30% will be sold • Full privatization not possible due to French constitution of 1946 • Strikes “ADP 100% public, 0% privé” Data: Transport Actualités, 2005

  8. Introduction into the French Airport System Privatization II • 12 regional airports with > 1 Mio passengers • State will first keep > 50% of shares but in the law it is not fixed that state will stay with majority: “a long terme, tout est possible” • System “facultative” for CCI to create “sociétés aéroportuaires” under private law and enter with own capital • At least 25% of shares will be proposed to the CCI • 15% to the collectivité territoriales Data: Transport Actualités, 2005

  9. Introduction into the French Airport System Aéroports de Paris I • > 60% of passenger traffic, 90% of fright • Charles de Gaulle, Orly, Le Bourget, 10 small airports and 1 heliport in Ile-de-France + other businesses • Passenger traffic: 2nd in Europe after BAA • Freight: 1st in Europe (Air France, Fedex Europe) • >500 directions in 135 countries Data: ADP 2004

  10. Introduction into the French Airport System Aéroports de Paris versus regional airports • Weakness of regional airports • Dominance of Air France • Concentration: Hub • SNCF with TGV offer • Low development of LCC Example: international connections of the 4 biggest regional airports Data: A.D.Little

  11. Introduction into the French Airport System Aéroports de Paris II expenditures 2004 Revenue structure 2004 other aviation non-aviation Data: ADP 2004

  12. Introduction into the French Airport System Aéroports de Paris III • critics: • Structure of charges • Under-use of capacity • Architecture • Quality/price ratio Cours de comptes:“the value for money of Paris airports is not very good” 2006-2010: 2,5 billion € investment

  13. Introduction into the French Airport System Aéroports de Paris IV – capacity development CDG Orly Data: ADP 2004

  14. Introduction into the French Airport System Aéroports de Paris IV – capacity development e.g. for arrival of Airbus A380 Orly CDG Data: ADP 2004

  15. Introduction into the French Airport System Aéroports de Paris V • Change of image in 2005: • Face lift of terminals • new logo, • new slogan “Le monde entier est notre invité“ • New webpage • Awareness 30%  goal: same brand awareness as SNCF (80%) • Advertising campaign of DDB: TV and press • Increasing commerce: new surface and airport journal, coupons, fashion shows, exhibitions Data: ADP 2004

  16. Introduction into the French Airport System Aéroports de Paris VI - comparison Data: ADP 2004

  17. Introduction into the French Airport System Aéroports de Paris VI – comparison TRL data Data: TRL 2004

  18. Introduction into the French Airport System Aéroports de Paris VI – comparison TRL data Data: TRL 2004

  19. Introduction into the French Airport System • Merci pour votre attention!!!