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ROME

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  1. ROME

  2. Origins??? • Etruscans

  3. Monarchy • Republic • Senate

  4. Consolidate

  5. 133 B.C.E.

  6. Caesar • Augustus

  7. “PAX ROMANA” • First 2 cent. of c.e.

  8. EMPIRE

  9. ROMAN LAW • Innocent until guilty

  10. PROSTITUTION • Meretrix – prostitute • Mainly slaves, some Romans • regulated • Lupanar – brothel • Organized • Little privacy

  11. “BUILDERS” • Roads • Public works • Concrete

  12. SLAVERY

  13. GLADIATORS • Violent, bloody • betting

  14. THERMAE • Bath houses • Everyone • Process • Food, drink, sex

  15. CHRISTIANITY • In Roman empire, not culture • Jesus of Nazareth • Reform Judaism • Love, charity • Popular

  16. Grows? • Paul of Tarsus • anti-Christian • Jesus – real person • Aggressive, equality

  17. CHRISTIANITY

  18. CHRISTIANITY • Greek, Roman ideals • Imperial cult • Persecution

  19. ALCOHOL • Christianity • Most important: Eucharist • Duty • Miracles • Sacred vs. secular • Moderation

  20. ALCOHOL • Wine production • Convivium – Dinner party • Coarse, rowdy

  21. DECLINE • Challenges • Revenue - • “Barbarians” • Epidemics