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The World of CRIS: At a Cross-Road. More than any other time in history, mankind faces a crossroads. One path leads to despair and utter hopelessness. The other, to total extinction. Let us pray we have the wisdom to choose correctly . – Woody Allen. Agenda. A Vision for a CRIS Movement

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the world of cris at a cross road

The World of CRIS: At a Cross-Road

More than any other time in history, mankind faces a crossroads. One path leads to despair and utter hopelessness. The other, to total extinction. Let us pray we have the wisdom to choose correctly. – Woody Allen

agenda
Agenda
  • A Vision for a CRIS Movement
  • Changes taking place in the CRIS world
    • Issues & Challenges We Face
    • Regional Snapshot
    • The Global CRIS Survey
    • Technological Changes
    • What the Future Means for euroCRIS

World of CRIS - Where are we?

agenda1
Agenda
  • A Vision for a CRIS Movement
  • Changes taking place in the CRIS world
    • Issues & Challenges We Face
    • Regional Snapshot
    • The Global CRIS Survey
    • Technological Changes
    • What the Future Means for euroCRIS

World of CRIS - Where are we?

defining cris
Defining CRIS

A CRIS contains information that documents an organizations’ involvement in science. The information usually includes data describing people, projects, and/or organizational units.

World of CRIS - Where are we?

a vision for a cris movement
A Vision for a CRIS Movement

Establishment of research information systems for the support of R&D growth that will assist the work of scientists, facilitate cooperation between researchers, analyze and report on trends, advance scholarship in science, and increase the public's understanding and appreciation of science.

World of CRIS - Where are we?

a vision for a cris movement1
A Vision for a CRIS Movement

“The ability to quickly find an expert or to establish an expert team is increasingly becoming a competitive advantage in our global economy.” – Maybury et al, Automating the Finding of Experts, Research Technology Management Nov/Dec 2000.

World of CRIS - Where are we?

a vision for a cris movement2
A Vision for a CRIS Movement

Earned Run Average

Equal Rights Amendment

Electronic Research Administration

European Research Area

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris as a facilitator of information
CRIS as a Facilitator of Information

Immediate access to and timely analysis of information on current research activities is an essential requirement – on a local, national, regional, European and global scale.

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris used to inform the citizenry
CRIS Used To Inform the Citizenry

“Expectations of science & technology are getting higher and higher, and there are few problems facing European society where science and technology are not called upon, one way or another, to provide solutions.” – Science, society and the citizen in Europe, EC, 2000

World of CRIS - Where are we?

information a give and take
Information: A Give and Take

“The best science in the world is of little economic value if it cannot be accessed, understood, and put to use.” – Lewis Branscomb and James Keller, Towards a Research and Innovation Policy, 1998.

World of CRIS - Where are we?

it s all in the link
It’s all in the link

“The capacity to link effectively with customers and suppliers in innovation, to operate with global markets and partners, and to collaborate in R&D and other networks is an essential element of strategy.” – Dodgson et al, The Intensification of innovation, SPRU Working Paper #65, April 2001.

World of CRIS - Where are we?

what we must do
What we must do

Maintain a current register of scientific and technical personnel and activities and provide a central clearinghouse for the collection, interpretation, and analysis of data on scientific and technical resources providing a source of information for policy formulation by national, regional and global agencies.

World of CRIS - Where are we?

these systems must comprise
These systems must comprise…
  • Traditional CRISs (Expertise and Projects)
    • Examples: CRISP, Community of Science, ERGO, CORDIS, The Danish National Research Database, SICRIS, AURIS, BIBSYS, FORSKDOK, SAFARI, etc…
  • Directories of scientists personal pages and projects pages
    • Expertise information, field notes, data, articles, presentations, multi-media files.

World of CRIS - Where are we?

these systems must comprise1
These systems must comprise…
  • Bibliographic databases and indices
    • World of Science (“Citation Index”) http://wos.isiglobalnet.com/
    • ResearchIndex http://citeseer.nj.nec.com/
    • Computer Science Bibliography http://www.informatik.uni-trier.de/~ley/db/index.html
  • Scholarly Journals

World of CRIS - Where are we?

these systems must comprise2
These systems must comprise…
  • Access to resources, databases and raw data
    • PORTAL http://www.britac.ac.uk/portal
  • Access to Presentations and Talks
    • Presentations Archiveshttp://www.sldnt.slac.stanford.edu/nld/new/talks.htm
  • Data Repositories
    • e.g. Genome Database
    • e.g. Protein Databank
    • e.g. World Bank Data and Statistics

World of CRIS - Where are we?

these systems must comprise3
These systems must comprise…
  • Digital collections
    • University Super Archives such as The University of California Scholarship Repository http://escholarship.edlib.org
    • E-print archives such as http://arxiv.org and http://citebase.eprints.org
    • Published and unpublished scientific papers http://dlist.sir.arizona.edu
    • Research Papers Archive (613 papers)http://olymp.wu-wien.ac.at/erpa

World of CRIS - Where are we?

agenda2
Agenda
  • A Vision for a CRIS Movement
  • Changes taking place in the CRIS world
    • Issues & Challenges We Face
    • Regional Snapshot
    • The Global CRIS Survey
    • Technological Changes
    • What the Future Means for euroCRIS

World of CRIS - Where are we?

barriers to increased cris take up

Barriers to Increased CRIS Take-Up

Data Collection

Information Quality

Presentation

Intellectual Property Rights

Awareness

awareness
Awareness

“…Europeans do not occupy the position they should in this world of scientific information and communication. This applies not only to communication within the scientific community, but also to information intended for the public at large. – Science, society and the citizen in Europe, EC, 2000”

World of CRIS - Where are we?

awareness1
Awareness
  • Is CRIS the real “invisible” Web?

World of CRIS - Where are we?

addressing needs of our users
Addressing Needs of our Users
  • Policy Makers / Decision Makers
  • Citizenry
  • Information providers
  • R&D Community
  • Intermediary organisations
  • Industry
  • Non-profit sector
  • Media

World of CRIS - Where are we?

meeting the web needs of our users
Meeting the Web needs of our users
  • Increased data coverage and scope
  • Increased quality controls of data
  • Personalization of presentation
  • Query and Presentation
    • Query support and feedback
  • Multi-Lingual support
  • Complementary Services
    • E-newsletters
    • Alert Notices

World of CRIS - Where are we?

maintain the highest standard of qualitative r d and innovation information
Maintain the Highest Standard of Qualitative R&D and Innovation Information
  • Promote cross-boarder collaboration
  • Facilitate cross-disciplinary development
slide24

The Code of Good Practice (CGP)A framework for encouraging interoperation and harmonization between European and all research institutions worldwide

agenda3
Agenda
  • A Vision for a CRIS Movement
  • Changes taking place in the CRIS world
    • Issues & Challenges We Face
    • Regional Snapshot
    • The Global CRIS Survey
    • Technological Changes
    • What the Future Means for euroCRIS

World of CRIS - Where are we?

are there discernable trends
Are There Discernable Trends?
  • We report on the Global Survey of CRIS later.
  • That said, there is a demonstrated move to comprehensive information systems, offering one-stop shopping to end users, via the Web.

World of CRIS - Where are we?

are there discernable trends1
Are There Discernable Trends?
  • People are doing more with information today than before.
    • No longer simply browsing
      • Including references in documents
      • Emailing results to peers
      • Adding to favorites/bookmarks for reuse
      • Statistics

World of CRIS - Where are we?

are there discernable trends2
Are There Discernable Trends?

When in doubt, predict that the present trend will continue. – Merkin’s Maxim

World of CRIS - Where are we?

agenda4
Agenda
  • A Vision for a CRIS Movement
  • Changes taking place in the CRIS world
    • Issues & Challenges We Face
    • Regional Snapshot
    • The Global CRIS Survey
    • Technological Changes
    • What the Future Means for euroCRIS

World of CRIS - Where are we?

current research information systems user survey
Current Research Information Systems User Survey
  • Carried out during Q2 2002
  • 19 usable results
    • 15 Europe (including Russia)
    • 3 Israel
    • 1 USA

World of CRIS - Where are we?

current research information systems user survey1
Current Research Information Systems User Survey
  • 18 are accessible via the Internet
    • 24*7*365
    • 4 provide access for differently-abled people
  • 9 have English as primary or secondary language. 10 are in native language only.

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey technology issues
CRIS Survey: Technology Issues
  • Information System Platform
    • Oracle 9
    • Access 2
    • SQL server 1
    • DB2 1
    • Others
      • Trip 2
      • MySQL 1
      • Lotus Notes 1
      • Flat html files 1
      • Alta Vista 1
      • MS? 1

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey technology issues1
CRIS Survey: Technology Issues
  • Use of XML and xslt 5
  • User Interface Technology
    • html 13
    • java, java applet, java script 7
    • dynamic html 6
    • css 5
    • sgml
    • xml 4
    • other (asp) 1

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey standards issues
CRIS Survey: Standards Issues
  • Use of Subject Codes
    • CERIF 1
    • Library of Congress 1
    • OECD 1

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey standards issues1
CRIS Survey: Standards Issues
  • Use of Classification Schemes
    • NABS OSTAT
    • EuroStat Proprietary taxonomy
    • NUTS CERCS
    • Austrian Research Classification Scheme
    • LISA Dewey
    • NIWI SIC

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey standards issues2
CRIS Survey: Standards Issues
  • Use of standard set of data fields 7
    • CERIF 3
    • CSA
    • Dublin Core
    • Unimarc
    • NOD
  • Use Of metadata 6
    • Dublin Core 3
    • CERIF Ontology
    • html metatags

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey use issues
CRIS Survey: Use Issues
  • Monthly hits
    • 1-1,000 3
    • 1,001-5,000 3
    • 5,001-10,000 3
    • 10,001-25,000 3
    • 25,001-50,000 0
    • 50,001+ 3

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey use issues1
CRIS Survey: Use Issues
  • Unique registered users
    • 0
    • 1-250 4
    • 251-500 2
    • 501-1,000 2
    • 1,000+ 4

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey use issues2
CRIS Survey: Use Issues
  • project or research information 14
  • partner search 11
  • support of R&D activity 11
  • technology transfer / innovation 8
  • for science policy making 7
  • output recording / justification of resource 5
  • support of R&D proposal approval process 5
  • support of publication authoring process 2
  • support of the invention process
  • corporate governance 1
  • Other 3
    • national R&D statistics, national monitoring of financial flows, Portal, innovation trendchart

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey use issues3
CRIS Survey: Use Issues
  • Description of CRIS
    • Designed to spotlight the expertise of researchers 7
    • Designed to support the administration of research grants 1
    • Designed to advertise the capabilities of a university or other organization 1
    • Designed to provide integrated overviews of the above descriptions 8
  • Decision Support 4

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey scope issues
CRIS Survey: Scope Issues
  • Concentration on specific geographic region 10
  • Discipline specific 3
    • social science, technology, library and information science
  • Sector specific
    • No 5
    • Academia 10
    • Government 4
    • Industry 1

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey scope issues1
CRIS Survey: Scope Issues
  • Types of Information Managed
    • people 15
    • projects 15
    • organizational units/institutions 13
    • publications 11
    • results 10
    • facilities 5
    • products 1

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey scope issues2
CRIS Survey: Scope Issues
  • Types of Information Managed
    • events 6
    • services 4
    • equipment 3
    • others 2
      • funding opportunities, working papers, daily news, policy, websites, human resources, finances, disciplines

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey scope issues3
CRIS Survey: Scope Issues
  • Amount of data
    • Less than 1GB 9
    • 1-5 GB 5
    • 5-10 GB 2
    • 10+GB 2

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey qa issues
CRIS Survey: QA Issues
  • Update Frequency
    • daily 7
    • weekly 2
    • monthly 4
    • quarterly 0
    • semi-annually 1
    • annually 0
    • less frequently 1

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey qa issues1
CRIS Survey: QA Issues
  • Steps to ensure QA
    • missing data
  • Security Policy
    • Four indicated they have policies in place
      • national laws govern them
      • local access to system allowed only

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey service issues
CRIS Survey: Service Issues
  • Linked to other systems 12
    • Library 4
    • National R&D Database 3
    • International R&D Database 5
    • Other 3
      • patent organizations, universities, funding agencies, national search engines, regional information system, national university information system

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey service issues1
CRIS Survey: Service Issues
  • Searching
    • provision of intelligent query assistance 6
    • ability to save searches 6
    • email alerting of new search matches 6
    • multi-lingual querying 9

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey service issues2
CRIS Survey: Service Issues
  • Portal 8
    • personalization capabilities 7
    • data security 3
    • integration of data from different enterprise applications 4
    • push and pull technologies through a common web interface 4

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey service issues3
CRIS Survey: Service Issues
  • Translation
    • translation of native language to English 10
      • machine translation 1
      • human translation 9

World of CRIS - Where are we?

cris survey service issues4
CRIS Survey: Service Issues
  • Customized Content Delivery
    • email alerting 7
    • document delivery via email 4
    • push channels 1
    • pull channels (rss) 1
  • Special Services Rendered
    • partnering
    • partnering with IRC’s

World of CRIS - Where are we?

and so we may conclude that
And so, we may conclude that ...
  • There are many CRISs for many purposes
  • Almost all CRISs record projects, people, and organizational units
  • Almost all CRISs record results and publications
  • Most CRISs are multilingual or English

So there is a strong foundation for interoperability.

World of CRIS - Where are we?

and we may also conclude that
And we may also conclude that ...
  • There are many systems of classification
  • There are many different hardware and software configurations

So there is a strong foundation for standardization

World of CRIS - Where are we?

agenda5
Agenda
  • A Vision for a CRIS Movement
  • Changes taking place in the CRIS world
    • Issues & Challenges We Face
    • Regional Snapshot
    • The Global CRIS Survey
    • Technological Changes
    • What the Future Means for euroCRIS

World of CRIS - Where are we?

technological changes
Technological Changes
  • Pervasive Computing, 24*7*365
    • Anytime anywhere
  • GRIDs
  • Metadata
  • XML
  • Java, Java Applets
    • These issues are addressed during this conference

World of CRIS - Where are we?

effect on criss
Effect on CRISs

Interoperability : lower threshold for access to universal information

Ease of use: lower threshold for user access and use

Greater leverage: more relevant analytical results for smaller effort

World of CRIS - Where are we?

agenda6
Agenda
  • A Vision for a CRIS Movement
  • A brief overview of changes taking place in the CRIS world
    • Issues & Challenges We Face
    • Regional Snapshot
    • Technological Changes
    • What the Future Means for euroCRIS
  • The Global CRIS Survey

World of CRIS - Where are we?

what the future means for eurocris
What the Future Means for euroCRIS
  • Actually many CRISs are used many times every day
    • to support R&D management
    • and to produce management information for decision support

But we have to do better to get the big breakthrough of universal usage

World of CRIS - Where are we?

criss should work harder so that the user need not

CRISs should work harder so that the user need not

Rather than force the user to choose the best query term, the system should be able to perform intelligent searches in a multi-lingual environment, with the assistance of a controlled vocabulary (ontology / taxonomy).

multidisciplinary communication is one of the missing links of science
“Multidisciplinary communication is one of the missing links of science”

An intelligently designed CRIS may provide context to science

World of CRIS - Where are we?

decision support and statistical analysis

Decision-Support and Statistical Analysis

CRIS, taking into effect and recording global scientific diversity, can contribute to the development of a system of indicators for the international comparison of science

electronic research administration the american era

Electronic Research Administration (The American ERA)

from the conceptualization of a research idea through the commercialization and exploitation of results

examples of era applications

Examples of ERA Applications

  • OSTI – http://www.osti.gov
  • NIH – http://www/nih.gov
  • NSF – http://fastlane.nsf.gov
  • EC – http://www.cordis.lu
developing expertise databases or competency dictionaries
Developing Expertise Databases or “Competency Dictionaries”

Efficient retrieval can be accomplished by using CERIF to control the “language of science”.

World of CRIS - Where are we?

one stop shop
One-Stop Shop

If me liked shopping, they’d call it research. – Cynthia Nelms

World of CRIS - Where are we?

summing up
Summing Up

Clearly we are challenged to coalesce and push forward the work of CRIS, based on agreed-upon standards and recommendations, best practice and shared experience.

To achieve this, euroCRIS is rightly positioned to facilitate global CRIS development and networking.

World of CRIS - Where are we?

thank you for your attention
Thank you for your attention.

I look forward to a stimulating conference.

World of CRIS - Where are we?