ROAD SAFETY EDUCATION IN SCHOOLS BY ROAD SAFETY ORGANISATION
The overall aim of road safety education is to reduce death and injury to children on and around Indian roads and preparing future road users.
Road Safety Scenario - World Injuries - 50 million every year Deaths - 1.3 million every year And still rising…
Road Safety Scenario - India 127,000deaths every year 10% of global road fatalities 348 deaths per day, equivalent to a jumbo crash everyday – no survivors 15 deaths per hour One of the top three causes of death for 5-44 yr age group
WHY IN SCHOOLS? • Children are the future road users • Most effective strategies in developing road safety awareness • Behavior change can be promoted • Life long benefits to a population at risk Attempt to safeguard children and prepare them as they gradually start making use of the road
The objective of a teacher is to provide children with the necessary knowledge and get them into the habit of behaving properly on the roads as a passer-by and a passenger.
WHAT IS ROAD SAFETY EDUCATION • Attitudes and behavior • Self esteem and valuing others • Valuing safety • Risk management • Rules of the road • Education of road • Decision making Safety to be ensured in the environment surrounding the children at any point of time
Road Safety Education in Schools • To recognize and understand that the children need to play in safe places • To know where to stop, look all around and listen before crossing a road • To know the safest route to school • To understand the use and principles of Zebra Crossing
Structured Road Safety Curriculum Age group 0 – 4 • Too young, should be taught only very basic elements • Recognize roads are dangerous and play in safe place • Walk only on footpath & Recognize that road is for traffic • Seatbelt Safety • School Bus Safety • Distracting Driver/ playing with handles/ doors/ locks
Age group 5 – 7 • Knowledge of various elements like road, footpath, zebra crossing • Understand direction of traffic by sight and sound • Use of marked pedestrian crossing • How to go to school and come back from school safely • That accidents can lead to injury and death • Understand meaning of traffic lights • Responsibility on road, even to others
Age group 8 – 12 • Understanding traffic light, signs, road markings and traffic rules. • Safe place to play – away from the road • Learn when and how to deal with traffic risk • Help smaller children on road for crossing or other safety aspects
Age group 12 – 16+ (considered as mini-adults) • Understand road signs, markings and signals • Safety in public transport • Riding bicycle on the road • Understand the problem of alcohol, drugs and fatigue in relation to road accident • Can be appointed as Junior Road Safety Officers in Schools & help in peer education & guiding school children in following traffics safety rules.
Walking on Roads 1.Stop, look and listen. 2.Don’t try to cross the road between parked cars. 3.Never cross at a bend.
Walking on Roads 4.If there is a footpath - use it! 5.If there is no footpath, walk on the right hand side of the road, facing on-coming traffic and keeping as close as possible to the side of the road. 6.Walk in single file if the road is narrow or there is heavy traffic.
The safest point to cross the road is via the pedestrian crossing. Cross at the PEDESTRIAN crossing Not on the road
Cycling • ·Make sure that other people on the road can easily see you. Wear a reflective belt and bright clothes. It is important to wear suitable clothing when cycling. Make sure that your shoelaces are tied correctly before you begin cycling. • ·You should wear a helmet. Wear it correctly at all times with the chinstrap buckled.
Cycling • ·A bicycle must have a red reflector. At night, you need a red rear lamp and a white or yellow front lamp. Reflective armbands and belts are a must. • ·You should ride in single file to avoid overcrowding the road. You should not try stunt riding or giving passenger lifts.
Taking The Bus To School • ·Take care as the bus comes to close the stop - stand well in on the footpath or grass verge • ·Wait for the bus to come to a complete halt before going toward the door
Taking The Bus To School • ·Don’t push when you are getting off the bus. • ·While waiting for the bus to pull away, stand well in on the footpath or the grassy verge. • ·Wait until the bus pulls away before you cross the road. • ·Don’t walk in front of or behind the bus - wait for it to move.
Going In The Car • ALWAYS WEAR YOUR SEAT BELT – front and back.
Rules for keeping safe • Do not distract the driver • Do not play with the door handles • Do not put your head or arm out of the window • Do not throw objects out of the car. Seatbelt Workshop
Campaign & Training Material • Campaign Material • Booklets • Posters • Banners • Audio Cassette • Video Films • Training Material, • Power Point Presentations for Training of Awareness Raisers and Key Awareness • Demonstration events
Behavior changes at right age: Driver’s Attitude… • Rebellious attitude • “Me First” Syndrome • Poor trip planning • Right of road use • Assumption of mistakes of other road user • No knowledge of defensive driving • Ignorance about vehicle maintenance & roadworthiness
Effect on Driving Due to Driver’s Attitude… • Driving at a faster speed. • Lane cutting/ Changing lanes frequently • Overtaking from wrong side • Waiving/ yelling /showing displeasure while driving. • Not focusing on road while driving. • Over confident/ Tentative • Use of Mobile • Drunken Driving • Honking • Not wearing seat belts/ helmet • Disregarding the traffic rules & road signs
Effect on Driving Due to Driver’s Attitude… • Breaks the rules or at least be a follower while braking the rules. • Believes in super natural power & luck • Willing to break rules at will but is unhappy when someone else does so.
ROAD SAFETY IS NO ACCIDENT Building Road Safety Culture THANK YOU