BACON’S REBELLION The British N. American Colonies Virginia, 1676
Picture It… • You are an Indentured Servant in Colonial America • Tobacco has become the cash crop savior of the colony • Everyone is trying to make $$$ planting it • It is EVERYWHERE!!!
BUT… • Tobacco is incredibly harsh on the land • The Colonial Economy & Labor Force has become one-dimensional. • Education is lacking • Cities aren’t developing • Indentured Servants are frustrated • high taxes • no more land left for them
PRECURSORSTO BACON’S REBELLION • 1. One crop economy • 2. Indentured Servitude • 3. Labor / Soil Intensive Tobacco Crop
Something Does!!! • As the market is flooded with tobacco, • the price of tobacco plummets • Farmers not making much money • Go into debt • Still have heavy taxes • As tobacco is harsh on the land, the soil needs time to replenish
What To Do??? • Colonists thought if they could just get more land… • Could grow more tobacco • Sell more • Make more money!!! • But there is no more land…for colonists • Who has the rest???
Native Americans • Treaties have been signed • Borders have been drawn • So What!!!!!!!!!! • Discontent boils over… • Farmers begin to invade Powhatan Lands to the West • Group of Susquehannocks are killed • Retaliation comes
Cry for War!! • VA Governor William Berkeley refuses to authorize a war • Farmers are furious at Gov’t • In steps… • Nathaniel Bacon • Led poor farmers, indentured servants, even slaves on a rampage
CAUSES OF BACON’S REBELLION • 1. Tobacco Price Fall • 2. Lack of Available Land • 3. Paying High Taxes • 4. Lack of Education • 5. No Gov’t Help • 6. Thought more land would solve $ problems
Bacon’s Rebellion • Makes war on Native Tribes for their Lands • Begins looting wealthy white plantations as well • Jamestown is burned
EFFECTSOF BACON’S REBELLION • 1. Farmers Start War • 2. Bacon Leads Rampage • 3. Invasion of Native American Lands • 4. No Help from Gov’t
But Then… • Bacon dies suddenly • Rebellion fades out • HOUSE OF BURGESSES – VA Assembly votes to lower taxes and open up some land
THE REALIZATION • Indentured Servant Labor isn’t Working!!! • They become free and want things • Like land, freedoms, rights, money • American Colonies Need a New Source of Labor • One that won’t give them these problems
OUTCOMEOF BACON’S REBELLION • 1. VA House of Burgesses quiets farmer’s discontent • Lower taxes • Open up Some Land • 2. AFRICAN SLAVERY EXPANDS IN THE COLONIES!!! • Indentured Servitude will not work
What was Bacon’s Rebellion? • Farmers making war on Native Americans to get more land
What is the SIGNIFICANCE of Bacon’s Rebellion? • The Significance of Bacon’s Rebellion is that African Slavery was expanded in the American Colonies • (Cause and Effect!!!) • (Changes over Time!!!)