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Grammar Toolkit. Plural nouns. What are plural nouns?. Grammar Toolkit. Plural nouns. A noun can be singular , naming just one thing, or plural , naming more than one thing . child. children. The way to make a noun plural usually depends on the ending of the singular noun.

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slide1

Grammar Toolkit

Plural nouns

What are plural nouns?

slide2

Grammar Toolkit

Plural nouns

A noun can be singular, naming just one thing, or plural, naming more than one thing.

child

children

The way to make a noun plural usually depends on the ending of the singular noun.

slide3

Grammar Toolkit

Plural nouns

To form the plural of most nouns, add s.

horsecarhillroseshoe

horsescarshillsrosesshoes

If the noun ends in s, sh, chor x, add es.

bus bush church fox pass

busesbusheschurchesfoxespasses

slide4

Grammar Toolkit

Plural nouns

Form the plurals of these nouns.

circus

radio

window

bone

itch

es

class

year

kaleidoscope

toolbox

wish

es

s

s

s

s

es

s

es

es

slide5

Grammar Toolkit

Plural nouns

If the noun ends in a consonant plus y, change the y to ies.

babyarmyspyworry

babies armiesspiesworries

For most nouns that end in f or fe, change fto v and add es.

leaf

life

half

loaf

leaves lives halvesloaves

For a small group of nouns that end in o, add es.

tomato

echo

hero

tomatoes

echoes

heroes

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Grammar Toolkit

Plural nouns

Form the plurals of these nouns.

body

ruby

deputy

therapy

jury

bodies

wife

wolf

knife

superhero

wives

rubies

wolves

deputies

knives

therapies

superheroes

juries

slide7

Grammar Toolkit

Plural nouns

English nouns that have come from other languages, such as Latin, Greek or French, often form plurals the same way they do in their original language.

medium

chateau

vertebra

bacterium

media

chateaux

vertebrae

bacteria

Some nouns are always plurals, whether there is one or many of them.

trousersoffspring

scissorscutlery

crockery deer

pants

salmon

slide8

Grammar Toolkit

Plural nouns

Just to make it interesting, there are nouns that break the rules and nouns that don’t follow any rule! Do you know the plurals of these nouns?

radio

woman

reef

ox

radios

louse

axis

proof

foot

lice

women

axes

reefs

proofs

feet

oxen

slide9

Grammar Toolkit

Plural nouns

  • A noun is a naming word. A plural noun names more than one thing.
  • Plural nouns are formed in different ways, often depending on the ending of the singular noun.
  • Some nouns are both singular and plural (e.g. sheep) and some are only plural (e.g. trousers).
  • In the following sentence, the plural nouns are red. The true heroesof centuries past were men and womenwithout names.
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Grammar Toolkit

Perfect tense

The End