North and South Chapter 14. Text. Bell Ringer Use the timeline and map on 406-407. What effects did the cotton gin have? Who patented the telegraph? Name three industries in the North. What were some of the major agricultural products in the South?. Bell Ringer. Turn to page 420.
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What effects did the cotton gin have?
Who patented the telegraph?
Name three industries in the North.
What were some of the major agricultural products in the South?
Turn to page 420.
Look at the Cotton Production and Slavery graphs.
Answer the “Graph Skills” questions.
Cause: By the 1850s, the North had thousands of miles of railroad track.
Effect: Railroads connected far off places and increased commerce in the US.
Cause: American clipper ships were developed in the 1840s.
Effect: The United States’ international commerce increased.
Cause: Northern factories began using steam power instead of water power.
Effect: Factories could be built anywhere.
Effect (2): The new machines lowered production costs.
England, Ireland, and Germany
Nativists wanted to preserve the US for native born, white citizens
Thought immigrants “stole” lower paying jobs and created more crimes
Distrusted Irish Catholics
The Know-Nothing Party formed to oppose Catholics and immigrants
Men, women, and children were crammed together
Debtors were kept in prison
Dorothea Dix called for reforms:
The mentally ill were put in hospitals
New prisons built
Cruel punishments banned
Debtors not treated as criminals
Alcohol was available in many places
Women led the way in reforms
Some groups urged people to drink less
Some states banned the sale of alcohol
MA was the first state with free public education
States built new schools and made school year longer
By the 1850s, most northern states had free elementary schools
Some African Americans founded schools for themselves
Some people opened schools for students with disabilities
Quakers taught that slavery was evil
Abolitionists wanted to end slavery
Frederick Douglass-escaped slavery and founded an anti-slavery newspaper=North Star
William Lloyd Garrison-white abolitionist who published an influential paper=The Liberator
Identify the following:
William Lloyd Garrison