Korea • Japan annexed Korea in 1910 • WWII • Japan on side of Germany • Korea - Japanese territory = caught in the middle
Cold War Korea Both the US and the Soviet Union (USSR) stationed troops in Korea to help buffer them from their neighbors. Post WWII - the US and USSR begin the cold war. Their troops remained in Korea to help them in the aftermath of the war. It turned into 2 nations occupying the same place and disagreeing…
Korean War • 1949 - 1953 • Cold War conflict • US supports democracy in the south • USSR - supports communism in the north.
North and South Korea 1953 - cease fire was signed, but there is still no peace treaty. The 2 nations have agreed to a division between them at the 38th parallel Separated by the DMZ (demilitarized zone) = a strip of land where no troops or weapons are allowed. The US still has troops there.
North Korea - Today • North Korea – a military dictatorship and communist economy. • Controlled by of Kim Jong Il. • After the end of the USSR in 1991, they lost their main economic support • Kim Jong Il has isolated his nation, resulting in poverty and famine.
North Korea - Today • Totalitarian Dictatorship • Kim Jong Il • In power 1994 – 2011 • His son, Kim Jong Un is now in power. • Severe restriction on political and economic freedoms. • October 6,2006 demonstrated that they have nuclear weapons. • Believed that they do not have the capacity to send a nuke via missile, would have to rely on aircraft. Kim Jong Un
South Korea - Today • Constitutional republic • Mixed Market Economy - 11th largest economy in the world. • South Korea is also one of the world's most technologically advanced and digitally connected countries; • global leader in electronics, digital displays, and mobile phones.