Archaic Indians • 6,000BC – 1,500BC • End of the Ice Age • Group developed from Paleo-Indians • Developed because a change of environment • because of the end of the Ice Age
Environment • Receed of Glaciers • Small brush began to cover ground • More vegetation
Shelter • Built temporary shelters similar to those of the Paleo-Indians when they were able to find vegetation • Camped until vegetation was gone • Continued to migrate • Set up shelters near rivers and streams
Copy to Notes on Shelters Built temporary shelters near rivers and streams where they camped until food was gone.
Food - Meat • Larger animals such as bison and mammoth began to disappear • Smaller animals were targeted for hunting • deer, turkey, rabbit, and even skunk, fox, and wildcat How is their hunting different than the Paleo Indians?
Food - Vegetation • Roots • Nuts • Berries • Grains Foraged or searched until vegetation was found Gradually, these Native Americans learned they could grow or cultivate some of the vegetation. They began to save and store the seeds to later plant and harvest them.
Think ahead: • How is the new idea of storing seeds and planting them going to change history? • Hint: think about shelters of Native Americans
Copy to Notes on Food Hunted smaller animals Gathered more vegetation, including grains, berries, and nuts
Culture • Started to form bigger groups, perhaps with chiefs • Started to trade with other groups to get better stone for their spear points. • Many people lived along rivers to use canoes to trade up and down the river. • Pottery became more important and useful
Copy to Notes on Culture Formed bigger groups with chiefs Still remained as nomads. A nomad is a member of a group who have no permanent home but move about according to the seasons
Tools • Hunting smaller animals meant the Archaic Indians had to change the way they hunted • Atlatl – stick or rod used to throw a spear harder and with more accuracy. Hook at rear end to hold spear until it is thrown • Traps to catch smaller animals
Copy to Notes on Tools Used atlatl and traps to catch animals. Atlatl is a stick to throw a spear more accuracy
Compare these Indians Paleo Indians Archaic Indians Small animals Vegetation was popular for food Temporary Homes Travelled in small groups, but often with a leader Atlatl to assist with spear Food Shelter Interaction Tools • Large animals • Little vegetation • Temporary Homes • Travelled in small groups • Rock on a stick