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A 20 th Century Primer to. The Singing Revolution. Bell Ringer. Create a numbered list in which you identify the steps you took to come to school today. E xample: 1) I got out of bed and took a shower. 2) I got dressed. 3) I ate my breakfast .

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a 20 th century primer to

A 20th Century Primer to

The Singing Revolution

bell ringer
Bell Ringer

Create a numbered list in which you identify the steps you took to come to school today.


1) I got out of bed and took a shower.

2) I got dressed.

3) I ate my breakfast.

You have five minutes to complete this activity.

  • Turn to a partner and compare your lists. Were they the same? Different?
  • Circle the steps on your list that were the same as on your partner’s list, and underline the different ones.

You have five minutes to complete this activity.

partner discussion continued
Partner Discussion continued
  • With your partner, identify the actors and resources necessary to have made it possible for you to have come to school today.


      • I took a shower in a stall made by a contractor and installed by a plumber, using water piped in from the water company.

You have five minutes to complete this activity.


For us to be sitting in this classroom today, many factors had to come together. There could not have been a school unless people saw a need, acted to gather the resources, created a building, hired an administration and teaching staff, stocked it with supplies and made arrangements to have you here.

You already made a list of the people and resources needed to get you here. Society is full of individuals acting on their own, but greatly impacted by many factors outside of their control. Today you will investigate factors that came together to produce the longest conflict of the 20th Century, The Cold War.

cold war definitions
Cold War Definitions
  • Ideology: A set of ideas that constitutes one’s goals, expectations and actions.
  • Cold War: A global conflict between two ideologies tied to different parts of the world. Communist countries had a base in Eastern Europe, but sought to expand their sphere of influence throughout the world. Western countries, led by the United States, worked to “contain” Soviet influence, where it existed, and prevent its spread to vulnerable nations.
areas of investigation
Areas of Investigation
  • Ideology
  • Economics
  • Effects of Conflict
  • Perception
  • Struggle for Power
gallery walk
Gallery Walk
  • Go to your assigned first station.
  • You will be given 5 minutes per station, with 1 minute of transition time.
  • When you are given the signal, move to the next station.
  • There are a total of 7 stations.
  • When you return to your first station, you are done!
gallery walk 1
Gallery Walk 1

Ideology:The 20th Century brought the rise of two competing ideas of freedom. Countries of the West leaned toward Capitalism, while countries of the East found Communism.

  • Write the following basic definitions:
    • Capitalism: An economic system based on the ownership of resources by individuals. Production results from competition in the marketplace.
    • Communism: An economic system in which the government controls the resources and means of production. Production needs are determined by centralized governmental control.
gallery walk 2
Gallery Walk 2


  • Economics, the means by which people satisfy their wants and needs, looks very different in communist vs. capitalist countries. Compare the two cars below. The Trabant, on the left, was made by the Communist East Germans. It was the only choice for East Germans, who had to wait years to get them, but everyone could. The Impala, on the right, was made by the Ford Motor Company. The Impala was one of many American choices, which could be purchased at anytime, providing the purchaser had access to the money or credit necessary.
  • What are the obvious differences between the cars? Which would you buy?

How might they reflect the larger themes of freedom and independence?

gallery walk 3
Gallery Walk 3

Effects of Conflict:

World War II produced more death and destruction than any other conflict in history, (over 60 million casualties). The Soviet Union had nearly 24 million of these. Naturally, this had an effect on the Soviet psyche and they were determined to never let this happen again.

  • Compare the two maps of Europe, before and after WWII. What changes have taken place? List 3 major changes found on the 1949 map.
  • What has happened to the small country of Estonia?
  • Overall, what was the Soviet reaction to WWII?
gallery walk 4
Gallery Walk 4
  • Perception: How nations viewed each other is key to understanding later conflict. Examine the images.
  • Who made these images? Capitalist or Communist?
  • How does this group perceive the opposing side?
gallery walk 5
Gallery Walk 5

Perception:How nations viewed each other

is key to understanding later conflict. Examine the images below.

  • Who made these images? Capitalist or Communist?
  • How does this group perceive the opposing side?
gallery walk 6
Gallery Walk 6

Political Power: As the world divided into two camps, the ideological focus became tied to the quest for global political power.

  • What messages were the Soviets and Americans telling the world, as they expanded their spheres of influence? (Analyze the two images to find the messages.)

Soviet Union United States

gallery walk 7
Gallery Walk 7
  • World War II was nearly over. Germany was defeated.
  • Germany was to be divided amongst the allies.
  • The Soviets had taken military control of all of Eastern Europe.
  • The terms of surrender were outlined for Japan.
  • President Truman hinted to Stalin of the American possession of the atomic bomb, ensuring the Soviet would understand America’s power.
  • Struggle for Power: This picture is of the Potsdam conference of 1945.
  • By this time:
  • Given the facts above, and your notes from previous stations, what do you anticipate would be the Soviet Union’s next strategic move?
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kapitalisty1.jpg
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Tov_lenin_ochishchaet.jpg
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Machine_gun_corps_Gaza_line_WWIb_edit2.jpg
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:America_Under_Communism_Cold_War_Propaganda.gifhttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Anti-capitalism_color.gif
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Close_the_gate_-_First_Red_Scare_political_cartoon.jpg
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coming_out_of_the_smoke.jpg
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Benjamin_Freedman_Service_Award_Polish_Freedom_Fighters_1972.jpg\
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:5PadriComunisti.gif
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ford_Motor_Company_assembly_line.jpg
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coming_out_of_the_smoke.jpg
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:P2V-1_assembly_line_NAN5-47.jpg
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ford_Motor_Company_assembly_line.jpg
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Poulation-since-1000--.jpg
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jeffery_armoured_car_1915.jpg