Plot. What Are Plot and Setting?. Plot . The story’s skeleton. A series of related events growing out of one another. Plot line: the graph that plots out the events and actions that occur throughout the story. It is a “picture” of the story in sequential order. Exposition.
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Plot What Are Plot and Setting?
Plot • The story’s skeleton. • A series of related events growing out of one another. Plot line: the graph that plots out the events and actions that occur throughout the story. It is a “picture” of the story in sequential order.
Exposition • The introduction of the story. • The part of plot in which the setting, major characters and basic situation are introduced. • Setting – Time and Place • Basic Situation – What is happening BEFORE the conflict is introduced. • Characters - Who the story is about
Inciting incident • “incite”: to encourage or prompt into action • The event that introduces the conflict. • This is the event that moves the story from the exposition into the rising action. 3inciting incident
Conflict • The problem. • A struggle between two opposing characters, forces or emotions. • Internal Conflict or External Conflict? • Internal Conflict – The problem takes place within a character’s mind. • “She saw herself three years later, marching for graduation, everyone taking photos, smiling, everyone happy, except she wouldn’t be because she’d remember having cheated that time back in the ninth grade.” ~from “The Dive” by Rene Saldana, Jr. • External Conflict – The problem involves a character’s struggle with another person or a force of nature (a tornado, a bear, or an icy path).
RISING ACTION: Complications • A series of events. • One or more of the characters in a story act to resolve the conflict. • Complications arise when the characters take steps to resolve the conflict. • Complications make it hard for the characters to get what they want.
Climax • The point at which the conflict is decided one way or another. • The most exciting moment of the story. • The problem is solved.
Falling action • The events between the climax and the resolution.
Resolution • The last part of the story. • Ties up loose ends. • Tells us what happened to the characters AFTER the climax. • “Melly could smell the sweetness of the flowers and herbs wafting from across the street. She smiled, closed her eyes, and slept.” ~from “The Dive” by Rene Saldana, Jr.
theme • The lesson to be learned by the reader. • The theme is the idea or message that the writer wishes to convey about a certain subject such as friendship, life experiences, love, or human suffering. • The theme is usually not stated directly leaving the reader to infer the message of a work. • Recurring themes or Universal themes will appear in works from different cultures and across time periods.
Protagonist and antagonist • Protagonist • The good guy • Antagonist • The bad guy
Symbols, Tone and Mood • Symbols • A person, place, thing or event that has its own meaning and stands for something. • Tone • The attitude toward a subject. • Mood • The overall emotion of the story.