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DOMAINS AND KINGDOMS. Zebra Book Chapter 17 Section 3. DOMAINS. 3 domains: BACTERIA ARCHAEA EUKARYA Classified into domains based on cell type and structure. DOMAIN BACTERIA. Include bacteria (Kingdom Bacteria also) PROKARYOTIC (PRO=NO) Survive in many environments

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domains and kingdoms

DOMAINS AND KINGDOMS

Zebra Book

Chapter 17

Section 3

domains
DOMAINS
  • 3 domains:
  • BACTERIA
  • ARCHAEA
  • EUKARYA
  • Classified into domains based on cell type and structure
domain bacteria
DOMAIN BACTERIA
  • Include bacteria (Kingdom Bacteria also)
  • PROKARYOTIC (PRO=NO)
  • Survive in many environments
  • Aerobic and Anaerobic
  • Autotrophic and Heterotrophic
  • Most abundant organism
  • More bacteria on your body right now than people in the world
domain archaea
DOMAIN ARCHAEA
  • Possibly older than bacteria but more closely related to eukaryotes
  • Autotrophic and Heterotrophic
  • EXTREMOPHILES: live in extreme environments
  • Ex. Boiling hot springs, salty lakes, thermal vents on the oceans floor, mud of marshes where there is no O2
domain eukarya
DOMAIN EUKARYA
  • All eukaryotic organisms
  • Contains Kingdoms: Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
kingdom protista
KINGDOM PROTISTA
  • Eukaryotic organisms
  • Can be unicellular, multicellular, or colonial
  • Do not have organs
  • “JUNK DRAWER” if it doesn’t fit neatly somewhere else, it gets put here
  • Plant like: algae, autotrophic
  • Animal like: Protozoans, heterotrophic
  • Fungus like: slime molds and mildews
kingdom fungi
KINGDOM FUNGI
  • Unicellular or multicellular
  • Absorbs nutrients from organic materials in its environment
  • Heterotrophic
  • Lack mobility
  • Contain HYPHAE: threadlike filaments that are used for growth, feeding, reproduction
kingdom plantae
KINGDOM PLANTAE
  • Multicellular
  • Mostly Autotrophic
  • Some heterotrophic (ex. Parasitic dodder)
  • Organized tissues
  • Lack motility
kingdom animalia
KINGDOM ANIMALIA
  • Multicellular
  • Eukaryotic
  • Heterotrophic
  • Organized tissues
  • Most are mobile, some exceptions
viruses
VIRUSES
  • Nucleic acid surrounded by a protein coat
  • Do not possess cells and are not cells
  • Not considered living
  • NOT IN THE CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
  • Have their own classification