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Domains and Kingdoms. 17.3 pages 499-503. Today’s Essential Q uestion : What are the similarities and differences among the 6 kingdoms of life?. What are the two broadest categories of the classification system???? Domain Kingdom How many domains are there?. 3 Domains. Bacteria

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Domains and kingdoms

Domains and Kingdoms

17.3 pages 499-503


Domains and kingdoms

  • Today’s Essential Question:

    What are the similarities and differences among the 6 kingdoms of life?


Domains and kingdoms


3 domains
3 Domains system????

  • Bacteria

  • Archea

  • Eukarya


Domains and kingdoms


Domains
Domains system????

  • Archaeaand Bacteria are made up of unicellular prokaryotes

  • Eukarya are made up of multiicellular and unicellular organisms that have eukaryotic cells.


Domains and kingdoms


What is peptidoglycan
What is peptidoglycan? system????

  • A multi-layer network of carbohydrates and proteins found in the cell walls of Eubacteria.

  • Provides strength and rigidity for cell wall.


Quick check
Quick check!! system????

  • What are the 3 Domains?

  • Bacteria are made up of what kind of cells?

  • Eukarya are made up of what kind of cells?

  • What's the difference between Domain Bacteria and Domain Archaea?



Domains and kingdoms

6 kingdoms system????BrainPOP


3 domains 6 kingdoms
3 Domains 6 Kingdoms system????

Take out your graphic organizer and check your answers as we go through the next slides!!


Kingdom archaebacteria
Kingdom system????Archaebacteria

  • Cell Type: Prokaryote

  • # of Cells: Unicellular

  • Cell Wall is Present

  • Structure of Cell Wall: NO peptidoglycan

  • Motility: they have flagella

  • Most are heterotrophs, but some are autotrophs

  • Reproduction: Asexual

  • Location: Extreme environments(hot springs, acidic water, salt flats, the Dead Sea)

  • Examples: extremophiles, thermoacidophiles


Kingdom eubacteria
Kingdom Eubacteria system????

  • Cell Type: Prokaryote

  • # of Cells: Unicellular

  • Cell Wall Present

  • Structure of Cell Wall: Peptidoglycan

  • Most are heterotrophs, some are autotrophs

  • Reproduction: Asexual

  • Location: EVERYWHERE!!!

  • Example: Bacteria are on most surfaces. Some cause human diseases, some are helpful. E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus


What are the kingdoms of eukarya
What are the kingdoms of system????Eukarya???

  • Protista

  • Fungi

  • Plantae

  • Animalia


Kingdom protista
Kingdom Protista system????

  • Cell Type: Eukaryote

  • # of Cells: Some are unicellular and some are multicellular

  • Cell WallPresent in SOME!

  • Structure of Cell Wall: Cellulose

  • Motility: Cilia or flagella

  • Some are heterotrophs; some autotrophs

  • Reproduction: Either sexual or asexual

  • Examples: Amoeba, green algae, diatoms, euglena, and slime molds


Kingdom fungi
Kingdom Fungi system????


Kingdom fungi1
Kingdom Fungi system????

  • Cell Type: Eukaryote

  • # of Cells: Some unicellular and some multicellular

  • Cell Wall Present

  • Structure of Cell Wall: Contains chitin

  • All are Heterotrophs

  • No Motility - Not mobile. They stay put.

  • Reproduction: Asexual or sexual

  • Found in shady places

  • Examples: Mushrooms, yeasts, and molds


Kingdom plantae
Kingdom Plantae system????

  • Cell Type: Eukaryote

  • # of Cells: Multicellular

  • Cell Wall Present: Contains Cellulose

  • Immobile

  • Autotrophic

  • Reproduction: Sexual, asexual, or both

  • Location: Land and water

  • Examples: Flowering plants mosses and ferns



Kingdom animalia
Kingdom Animalia system????

  • Cell Type: Eukaryote

  • Multicellular organisms

  • No Cell Wall

  • All are heterotrophs; digestion takes place inside the body

  • Special Characteristics: Organized into complex organ systems.

  • Examples: Sponges, anemones, jellyfish, lobsters, insects, spiders, squid, worms, dogs cats, humans


Viruses are they alive
Viruses system????Are they alive??

  • Viruses are not living so they are not placed in the classification system.


Activity
Activity!! system????

  • Take out 4 sheets of paper Stack two sheets of paper so that the back sheet is one inch higher than the front sheet

  • Repeat with two more sheets of paper so that the back sheets are each one inch higher than the sheet in front of it.


Domains and kingdoms

  • Bring the bottom of the system????sheets upward and align the edges so that all of the layers or tabs are the same distance apart.

  • When all tabs are an equal distance apart fold the papers and crease. Open the papers and staple them along the top “mountain” crease.


Label the 8 flaps
Label the 8 Flaps system????

  • Similarities and Differences Among the 6 Kingdoms of Life?

  • An Overview of Domains and Kingdoms

  • Kingdom Archaebacteria

  • Kingdom Eubacteria

  • Kingdom Protista

  • Kingdom Fungi

  • Kingdom Plantae

  • Kingdom Animalia