Medicine in Ancient Mesopotamian Civilization. Assist.Prof.Dr. Mehmet KARATAŞ Department of History of Medicine and Ethics. MESOPOTAMIA N CULTURE. The ancient region of southwest A sia called Mesopotamia which means between two rivers ( Tigris and Euphrates ).
Assist.Prof.Dr. Mehmet KARATAŞ
Department of History of Medicine and Ethics
The Concept of Disease
Although they did not have an idea about anatomy, they believed that liver was the center of life. Clay models of livers were founded in archeological sites.
It is believed that they used those liver models in order to diagnose disease or illnesses in magical rituals. Livers of the sacrificed animals were compared with this clay liver models and commented by the physician for the prognosis of the disease.
Code of Hammurabi and the Responsibility of Physician
Towards the end of his reign, Hammurabi (1700-BC) ordered his royal decisions to be carved on stelas which were placed in temples. One of this stelas was found in very good condition and was transported to Louvre museum in Paris in 1901. Besides other orders, it contains regulations related with medicine and physicians.
Antik Mezopotamya tıbbının tanıda özellikle kullandığı yöntem neydi?
Cevap 1: Hepatoskopi
Hammurabi yasaları gereği tıbbi müdahalelerde yapılan hatalarda uygulama neydi?
Cevap 2: Kısasa kısas ile ceza uygulanmıştır