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Settlement functions. Functions are like parties, yeh?. FUNCTION INTRODUCTION. Last week, we talked about the kinds of reasons that towns and villages WERE sited and situated and also the settlement shapes This week we are going to look at the purposes or functions they fulfil NOW

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settlement functions
Settlement functions

Functions are like parties, yeh?

function introduction
FUNCTION INTRODUCTION
  • Last week, we talked about the kinds of reasons that towns and villages WERE sited and situated and also the settlement shapes
  • This week we are going to look at the purposes or functions they fulfil NOW
  • Different settlements have different functions (e.g. resort, port, market town, industrial town).

What is a resort?

what kind of town does she live in
What kind of town does she live in?

I live in a _____ town. My husband runs a farm. This is where we come to buy and sell things.

INDUSTRIAL PORT RESORT MARKET

what kind of town does he live in
What kind of town does he live in?

I live in an __________ town. I use things produced from farmers to make other things.

INDUSTRIAL PORT HOLIDAY RESORT MARKET

what kind of town does he live in1
What kind of town does he live in?

I live in a ______. This is where people and goods leave our country and arrive from other places..

INDUSTRIAL HOLIDAY RESORT MARKET PORT

what kind of town does he live in2
What kind of town does he live in?

I live in a __________. This is where people come from other places to relax and enjoy themselves.

INDUSTRIAL HOLIDAY RESORT MARKET PORT

where are we mostly likely to find these
Where are we mostly likely to find these?
  • FACTORY
  • FUNFAIR
  • HOUSES
  • MARKET PLACE
  • SHOPS
  • DOCKS
  • COAL MINE
  • In a port, an industrial town, a market town or tourist resort? (the answer maybe all of them!)
slide8
We have already learnt that we find certain types of buildings along with certain types of function.
  • For example factories are found in industrial settlements.
  • We can say that a factory is an INDICATOR of an industrial settlement
  • DEFINITION – INDICATOR – a person or object that shows us the function of a settlement.
what kind of things would be indicators of these settlement function types
What kind of things would be indicators of these settlement function types?
  • For example:
  • SHOPS, FARMERS, TRADERS, PRODUCE, TRANSPORT
  • are indicators of a market town function
  • What would be indicators of
    • a port
    • an industrial town
    • a tourist resort?
slide10

FUNFAIR

FARM

  • What are each of town
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • and why?

FACTORY

DOCK

market towns
Market Towns
  • Market Towns tend to have the following features
    • Found in a fertile farming area
    • Many services e.g. shops and offices
    • Good transport links - often they are route centres
    • They may be at the site of important bridges. Often mills were built on the river
    • Market places in the town centre; Markets may no longer be held there
slide14
An example of a market town is Kelso in the Scottish Borders, which is shown on the map below . It is similar to the model as it is a bridging point over a river, is in a farming areas and has good transport links.
  • It is different to the model as it does not have a railway line.
ports
Ports
  • Ports tend to have the following features
    • Found where there are sheltered harbours
    • Flat land for building on nearby
    • Modern ports need deeper water for today's larger ships
    • Many ports have gone through a lot of redevelopment
  • The largest ports are found where there is a major industrial area inland that needed a place to import and export its goods.
slide17
An example of a port is Liverpool in the north-west of England, which is shown on the map below . It is similar to the model as it is has a sheltered harbour, is built on flat land, and the newer docks are found downstream.
  • It is different from the model as Liverpool is only built on one side of the River Mersey
industrial towns
Industrial towns
  • "Old" Industrial Towns tend to have the following features
    • Found on or near coalfields
    • Has railways and canals for transport
    • Has housing and industry mixed in together
  • Newer industry is found on the outskirts, near main roads for transport
  • In the newer industrial towns planning ensures the housing and industry are located apart.
barnsley
Barnsley
  • Barnsley is in Yorkshire, England.
  • It is similar to the model as it is built on a coalfield and has canals.
  • It is different from the model as it has good motorway links.
besides ports resorts market towns or industrial towns

Besides ports, resorts, market towns or industrial towns

What other functions can you think of?

settlement functions1
Settlement functions
  • Residential – a major function of many settlements is to give people a place to live.
  • In some places, this is the main function, as there are few services and no industry.
  • These are known as dormitory towns or commuter towns
  • e.g.??
  • Another sort of residential function is one that concentrates on serving retires people
  • E.g. Frinton near London
  • And parts of Florida in America – these places will have services but those needed particularly by the elderly
settlement functions2
Settlement functions
  • Administrative - such as county towns that employ a large number of people as civil servants and are centres of local government
  • For example, where is your local government centre?
settlement functions3
Settlement functions
  • Commercial or retail – shopping centres and recreation facilities, such as sports centres and cinemas, provide services for people.
  • They usually have good transport links so that people come from the surrounding districts to use the facilities.
  • Where is there a commercial centre near you?
settlement functions4
Settlement functions
  • Services – such as schools, universities, regional hospitals and libraries, such as Oxford
  • Tourism – we have mentioned seaside resorts already. But there are others types of tourist settlement. Many settlements in National Park also have a tourist function. Also major cities such as London and Paris also fulfil a tourist function.
  • Can you think of tourist centres near you?
settlement function change
Settlement function change
  • Retail change: town centres decline as supermarkets and larger shops move out of town to retail parks
  • eg?
  • Changes in planning policy –’brown field sites’ such as old abandoned industrial areas are being redeveloped for housing and leisure
  • e.g Docklands in London
settlement function change1
Settlement function change
  • Social change – for example more people can afford to go abroad so typical seaside resorts like Blackpool and Morecombe have declined.
  • Fishing villages in Spain have become tourist resorts instead.
  • Any others ?
homework
Homework
  • Do you know places that have different main function?
  • Can you think of indicators that show that you choice of main function is reasonable?
  • Try to think of 4 – but if you are stuck, 3 will be fine!