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Settlement. Settlement. A settlement is a place where people live Most people live in permanent settlements Some people are unfortunate to live in temporary settlements. Permanent or Temporary Settlement?. Types of settlement. Which type of settlement?. Bridging Point. Route Centre.

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Presentation Transcript
  • A settlement is a place where people live
  • Most people live in permanent settlements
  • Some people are unfortunate to live in temporary settlements
which type of settlement
Which type of settlement?

Bridging Point

Route Centre


Wet Point


Dry Point

Gap site

which type of settlement6
Which type of settlement?
  • Settlement 1 is a Gap site because it is a lower and more sheltered site between two hills.
  • Settlement 2 is a wet-point because it is close to water in a dry area.
  • Settlement 3 is a dry-point because it is a higher, drier site above wetland.
  • Settlement 4 is a Route Centre because it is a focus of routes (roads and river) in this area.
  • Settlement 5 is a Hill-foot site because it is is sheltered and flat for building and farming.
importance of individual sites
Importance of Individual Sites
  • The importance of individual sites changed over time.
  • Which features do you think were more important in early times and which do you think were more important more recently?

Food and water supplies


Building houses




Sea can be used for fishing for food

Sea can be used for trade

Flat land is great for farming, as shown by the pattern of fields

River and roads can be used for communication

River stops housing being built to east and west

Trees are good for hunting animals

River and roads can be used for trade


River means enemies can only attack from 1 side

Wet land not ideal for building houses

Castle defends the south side

Flat land good for building housing

settlement shapes
Settlement shapes
  • The spacing of places is very different all across the country
  • In the countryside houses can be scattered randomly with space between each house - this is called dispersed
  • Some settlements have grown along a road – this is called linear
  • Towns or villages may be compact, with shops, offices, and houses all very close together – this is called nucleated
settlement shapes12
Settlement Shapes

There are 3 basic shapes of rural settlements




Dispersed settlements have buildings scattered about with undeveloped land in-between

Linear settlements have buildings which are stretched out along a road, in a line

Nucleated settlements have a defined centre like a market square or crossroads

settlement sizes
Settlement sizes




  • An isolated settlement consisting of one house
  • A settlement of only a few houses and without a church
  • A settlement with a few services, such as a church, public house and a small shop
  • A larger settlement with several shops, churches, a senior school, supermarkets, a doctor, dentist, banks and a small hospital
  • A very large settlement with a large railway station, shopping complex, cathedral, large hospital, museum, university and office blocks








what type of settlement is this
What type of settlement is this?






middlesbrough and hartlepool map
Middlesbrough and Hartlepool Map

Pick 4 settlements (a town, village, hamlet and farm) on the map and fill out the table below for each one: