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Themes in Geography. Honors Non-Western Studies Mr. Tumino. What is geography?. The study of spatial variation How – and why – things differ from place to place on the surface of the earth The study of how observable spatial patterns evolved through time.

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themes in geography
Themes in Geography

Honors Non-Western Studies

Mr. Tumino

what is geography
What is geography?
  • The study of spatial variation
  • How – and why – things differ from place to place on the surface of the earth
  • The study of how observable spatial patterns evolved through time
what is geography1
What is geography?
  • Geography is a spatial science
  • Spatial behavior of people
  • Spatial relationships between places
  • Spatial processes that create or maintain those behaviors and relationships
five fundamental themes of geography
Five fundamental themes of geography

1) Location: the meaning of relative and absolute position on the earth's surface

  • Sample terms: Latitude and longitude, site and situation, direction, distance, scale
  • Skills: Map reading, identification
  • Questions: Where is ____? Where is ____ relative to where I am?
slide10

Five fundamental themes of geography

2) Place: the distinctive and distinguishing physical and human characteristics of locales

  • Sample terms: Physical and cultural landscapes, sense of place
  • Skills: Description, compare and contrast
  • Questions: What does ____ look like? Why? How is it different from ____?
slide11

Five fundamental themes of geography

3) Relationships within places: the development and consequences of human-environment relationships

  • Sample terms: Ecosystems, natural resources, environmental pollution
  • Skills: Evaluation, analysis
  • Questions: What human-environment relationships are occurring? How do they affect the place and its inhabitants?
slide12

Five fundamental themes of geography

4) Movement: patterns and change in human spatial interaction on the earth

  • Sample terms: Migration, diffusion, globalization
  • Skills: Explanation, prediction
  • Questions: How has this spatial pattern developed? Will it continue to change? What does it mean for the places involved?
slide13

Five fundamental themes of geography

5) Regions: how they form and change

  • Sample terms: Formal vs. functional regions
  • Skills: Synthesis, application
  • Questions: How has this spatial pattern developed? Will it continue to change? What does it mean for the places involved?
relative and absolute location
Relative and absolute location
  • Stand up!
  • Where were you born?
  • Where do you live?
  • Where’s the most beautiful place you’ve ever been?