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Themes of Geography. Location, regions, place, movement, human-environmental interaction. Location. Where is it? Continent? Country? State? City? Exact coordinates (latitude & longitude). Where is New Orleans?. Regions. Share at least one common feature

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themes of geography

Themes of Geography

Location, regions, place, movement, human-environmental interaction

location
Location
  • Where is it?
    • Continent?
    • Country?
    • State?
    • City?
    • Exact coordinates (latitude & longitude)
regions
Regions
  • Share at least one common feature
  • The world can be divided into many types of regions
    • Continents- Africa, Asia, Australia
    • Countries- Nigeria, Mali, Ghana, (West Africa)
slide5
States- California, Oregon, Washington
  • Cities- Minneapolis, St. Paul
  • Political regions
place
Place
  • Natural and human features that make one place different than every other place
    • Landforms- Grand Canyon, Mount Everest
    • Climate- Rain Forest, Deserts, Ice Caps
    • Plants- Cactus, Venus Fly Trap, Indigenous plants
slide7
Animals- Polar bears, lions, seals, rattle snakes
  • People- Zulu warriors, Celtic Clans
  • Language
  • Culture
movement
Movement
  • How do people, goods, and ideas move from place to place?
  • Silks from China
  • Pizza from Italy
  • Name something in America that originated in another country!
human environment interaction
Human-Environment Interaction
  • Relationships between people and the environment
  • How people live, work, dress, travel, and communicate
jacksonville nc
Jacksonville, NC
  • Describe Jacksonville by using each of the five themes of geography
    • Location
    • Regions
    • Place
    • Movement
    • Interaction
quick write
Quick write
  • Use your notes to summarize what you have learned in a well written paragraph.
  • 10 minutes
location1

Location

Movements of the Earth

Page M2-M3

the earth
The Earth
  • Revolves around the sun in a circular path called an orbit
  • Revolution- one complete orbit around the sun is 365 ¼ days (1 year)
  • Rotation- the Earth also spins on its axis and one rotation occurs in 24 hours
the seasons
The Seasons
  • Earth’s axis is tilted at an angle
  • Sunlight strikes different parts of the Earth at different times in the year
autumn
Autumn
  • Begins September 22or 23
  • Sun is directly overhead at Equator
  • Almost equal hours of sunlight and darkness
winter
Winter
  • Begins December 21
  • Sun directly overhead at Tropic of Capricorn
  • Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the sun
spring
Spring
  • Begins March 20 or 21
  • Sun is directly overhead at the Equator
  • Almost equal hours of sunlight and darkness
summer
Summer
  • Begins June 21 or 22
  • Sun is directly over the Tropic of Cancer
  • Northern Hemisphere receives the greatest hours of sunlight
critical thinking
Critical thinking?
  • So does the sun rise in the east and set in the west?
    • No- the sun does not actually change positions
    • The Earth rotates on its axis so that different regions face the sun at different times of the day.
globes
Globes
  • Scale model of Earth
  • Shows actual shapes, sizes, locations
    • Landforms
    • Bodies of water
    • Elevation
    • Depressions
parallels of latitude
Parallels of Latitude
  • Latitude lines are imaginary horizontal lines
    • Equator
    • Tropic of Cancer 23.5ْ N
    • Tropic of Capricorn 23.5ْ S
equator
Equator
  • Halfway between North & South Poles
  • 0ْ latitude
  • Divides Earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres
  • “Earth’s Belt”
meridians of longitude
Meridians of Longitude
  • The globe divided along imaginary vertical lines
    • Prime Meridian- runs from North Pole to South Poles (0ْ longitude)
    • Divides East and West Hemispheres
global grids
Global Grids
  • Latitude- North & South degrees (sides of maps)
  • Longitude- East & West degrees (top and bottom of maps)
  • * (1 degree latitude or longitude= ~69 miles or 111 kilometers)
latitude longitude practice
Latitude/Longitude Practice
  • Latitude degrees only
    • Example (Page 464)
    • Mexico City

19ْ N

latitude longitude practice1
Latitude/Longitude Practice
  • Longitude degrees only
    • Example (page 464)
    • Lima, Peru

76ْ W

answers
Answers
  • Page# Location Latitude Longitude
  • 468 Quito, Ecuador 1ْ S 78ْ W
  • 468 Buenos Aires, Argentina 35ْ S 58ْ W
  • 471 Raleigh, NC 37ْْ N 78ْ W
  • 471 Houston, TX 29ْ N 95ْ W
  • 472 Madrid, Spain 41ْ N 4ْ W
  • 472 Istanbul, Turkey 42ْ N 28ْ E
  • 474 Cape Town, South Africa 34ْ S 18ْ E
  • 476 Sanaa, Yemen 15ْ N 45ْ E
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