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Chapter 14 The Union in Peril. The American People , 6 th ed. Slavery in the Territories. The Wilmot Proviso. Amendment added to a congressional appropriations bill prohibiting slavery for ever existing in any territories acquired from Mexico. Popular Sovereignty.

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chapter 14 the union in peril

Chapter 14The Union in Peril

The American People, 6th ed.

the wilmot proviso
The Wilmot Proviso
  • Amendment added to a congressional appropriations bill prohibiting slavery for ever existing in any territories acquired from Mexico
popular sovereignty
Popular Sovereignty
  • The idea that individual territories applying for statehood should decide the issue of slavery for themselves.
the compromise of 1850
The Compromise of 1850
  • California entered the Union as a free state
  • Territorial governments were organized in New Mexico and Utah to apply the principle of popular sovereignty
  • The slave trade was abolished in the District of Columbia
  • A new Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
consequences of compromise
Consequences of Compromise
  • Political alignment along party lines grew stronger
  • Previously unheard, Americans were now discussing ideals of higher law than the Constitution: succession and disunion
  • Abolitionists stepped up work on the Underground Railroad and several states prohibited elected officials and organizations from participation in slave hunting
the kansas nebraska act
The Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • Stephen Douglas of the Whig party, introduced a bill organizing the Nebraska Territory (which included Kansas)
  • Southerners opposed the organization of the territory unless slavery was permitted
  • Douglas suggested the application of popular sovereignty to the issue as the entire territory fell north of the Missouri Compromise line
  • Issue inflamed all sides of the slavery issue, dragging the country closer to war.
young america
“Young America”
  • Americans dedicated to the ideals of a nationalistic vision that included slavery and was modeled upon the revolutions of the era in Europe
  • Specifically interested in the expansion of America into the Latin American continent and the Caribbean
the know nothings
The Know-Nothings
  • Nativist political action party comprised mostly of former Whigs who were dedicated to staunching the tide of foreign immigrants to the United States
  • If asked about their affiliation with the group, members were told to respond, “I Know Nothing.”
bleeding kansas
“Bleeding Kansas”
  • On the eve of the Civil War, militant abolitionist John Brown and a few followers crept into a pro slavery settlement outside of Lawrence, Kansas
  • They dragged five men out of their homes and hacked them to death with swords
  • This act led to a series of violence in the divided territory
sectional splits in the democratic party
Sectional Splits in the Democratic Party
  • Dred Scott v. Sanford: Supreme Court decision regarding the claims of freedom of a slave that had been transported into a free state.
  • The constitutional crisis in Kansas: the pro-slavery Lecompton constitution was created without a mandate from majority of settlers of Kansas; it led to an uncertain status for Kansas and divided the Democrats further
The Lincoln-Douglas debates in Illinois: Lincoln’s persuasive debates regarding slavery drew away a substantial chunk of the Democratic party.
  • John Brown’s Raids: Still on the lose after the Kansas massacre, John Brown hope to provoke a general uprising of eastern slaves by attacking the federal arsenal at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia. Brown was captured, tried, executed, and eventually became a martyr for the abolitionist/ Unionist cause
  • On December 20, 1860, South Carolina seceded form the Union; by February, six other Deep South states had followed her lead.
  • A week later a delegation met in Montgomery, Alabama to create the Confederacy.
  • On April 12, shelling of Fort Sumter signaled the start of the American Civil War.