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Election of 1960

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  1. Election of 1960 Kennedy v. Nixon 49.7% 49.5% Kennedy wins popular vote by 119,000. Voting issues in Illinois and Texas JFK elected at age 43, youngest ever JFK first Catholic elected First televised debates U.S. History Chapter 20

  2. Televised Debate First televised Presidential Debate in our countries history “That night image replaced the printed word as the natural language of politics.” –Russell Baker U.S. History Chapter 20

  3. Flexible Response Having options for military and political response other than a nuclear attack U.S. History Chapter 20

  4. *Ike Farewell Advice Do not rely on the military industrial complex for economic stability because the results are socially unacceptable. U.S. History Chapter 20

  5. Fidel Castro Revolutionary leader in Cuba that takes over in 1959 U.S. History Chapter 20

  6. Bay of Pigs Invasion of Cuba by Cubans Trained & supported by the C.I.A. Started under Eisenhower Invasion fails, Kennedy takes blame JFK very embarrassed by this U.S. History Chapter 20

  7. Cuban Missile Crisis Nikita Khrushchev (USSR) sends missiles to Cuba U-2 spy planes spot bases in Cuba Kennedy declares U.S. defender of the Western Hemisphere (M.D.) U.S. “quarantines” Cuba because a “blockade” would be a term of war. Miscommunications (later hotline) U.S. History Chapter 20

  8. Cuban Missile Crisis • Secretary of State Dean Rusk, • We were “eyeball to eyeball and the other fellow just blinked. • “This Close” to nuclear war U.S. History Chapter 20

  9. Berlin Wall Concrete wall separating East and West Berlin JFK in Berlin “Ich Bein Ein Berliner” U.S. History Chapter 20

  10. Limited Test Ban Treaty Barred nuclear testing in the atmosphere U.S. History Chapter 20

  11. New Frontier Kennedy’s name for his broad vision of progress. Outer Space symbolized that progress Link to Fredrick Jackson Turner U.S. History Chapter 20

  12. Mandate A clear indication that voters approve of a Presidents plans U.S. History Chapter 20

  13. Peace Corps Peace Corps – Sergeant Shriver U.S. Volunteers go to 3rd world countries to assist their development. More applications than for all other government jobs combined. U.S. History Chapter 20

  14. Alliance for Progress Economic and technical assistance to Latin American Countries U.S. History Chapter 20

  15. “Why does Rice play Texas?” “We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others too.” -John Kennedy, Sept. 12, 1962 U.S. History Chapter 20

  16. November 22, 1963 Dallas, Texas Daley Plaza Lee Harvey Oswald U.S. History Chapter 20

  17. Warren Commission Oswald acted alone, magic bullet Conspiracy Theories abound Regardless, Camelot (The idealism of the time) is gone. U.S. History Chapter 20

  18. Lyndon Baines Johnson Takes over as President Re-Elected in 1964 Known as LBJ, from Texas Civil Rights Act of 1964 • (from JFK) U.S. History Chapter 20

  19. Great Society LBJ’s Domestic Policies • 1965 Water Quality Act • 1965 Housing and Urban Development • 1966 Highway Safety Act • 1966 Truth in Packaging Act • 1967 Air Quality Act • 1967 Corporation for Public Broadcasting • PBS U.S. History Chapter 20

  20. Economic Opportunity Act Created Job Corps Youth Training Program VISTA Head Start Community Action Program U.S. History Chapter 20

  21. Medicare & Medicaid Lost cost medical insurance for the elderly and poor respectively U.S. History Chapter 20

  22. Immigration Act of 1965 Opened the door for many non-European immigrants by ending quotas based on nationality U.S. History Chapter 20

  23. Rachel Carson Author of “Silent Spring” Described a spring with no birds due to the use of pesticides and abuse of the environment. U.S. History Chapter 20

  24. Warren Court Name for the Supreme Court when Earl Warren was Chief Justice. The Warren Court took an activist stance on leading issues of the day U.S. History Chapter 20

  25. Reapportionment The way in which states redraw election districts based on the changing number of people in the state U.S. History Chapter 20