UNIT: MOUNTING GLOBAL TENSIONS • SSWH15 The student will be able to describe the impact of industrialization, the rise of nationalism, and the major characteristics of worldwide imperialism. • a. Analyze the process and impact of industrialization in England, Germany, and Japan, movements for political reform, the writings of Adam Smith and Karl Marx, and urbanization and its affect on women. • b. Compare and contrast the rise of the nation state in Germany under Otto von Bismarck and Japan under Emperor Meiji. • c. Describe the reaction to foreign domination; include the Russo-Japanese War and Young Turks. • d. Describe imperialism in Africa and Asia by comparing British policies in South Africa, French policies in Indochina, and Japanese policies in Asia.
MOUNTING GLOBAL TENSIONS • INDUSTRIALIZATION • NATIONALISM • IMPERIALISM • WHAT DO YOU KNOW?
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTIONINDUSTRIALIZATION • The Industrial Revolution • transition to new manufacturing processes • 1760 – 1840 • from hand production methods to machines • new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, improved efficiency of water power , the increasing use of steam power, and development of machine tools • the transition also included the change from wood and other bio-fuels to coal • Great Britain, then Western Europe (Belgium, German states), United States, and Japan
RESULTS OF DIFFUSION OF IND REV • 1. MORE URBANIZATION • 2. DEVELOPMENT OF RAILROADS • 3. CHILD LABOR • 4. WOMEN IN THE WORKFORCE • 5. ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES • 6. VIEWS ABOUT ECONOMICS
ECONOMICS • The science that deals with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, or the material welfare of humankind. • How a country efficiently uses resources
ADAM SMITH, 1723-1790 BOOK, The Wealth of Nations considered his magnum opus and the first modern work of economics "father of modern economics" Support of capitalism, economic system where means of production (land, labor, and capital) are controlled by people who make decisions about resources WRITERS:ECONOMICS: ADAM SMITH AND KARL MARX
1818-1883 BOOKS, THE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO, DAS KAPITAL SOCIALIST, REVOLUTIONARY, ECONOMIST, HISTORIAN SUPPORTED SOCIALISM, MARXISM economic system characterized by social ownership of the means of production by business, people, or the government HISTORY, ECONOMICS, IS ABOUT A CLASS STRUGGLE AND THE EXPLOITATION OF WORKERS (LABOR) KARL MARX
NATIONALISM • belief system, creed, or political ideology that involves a strong identification of a group of individuals with a nation, history, ethnicity, territory, etc.
GERMAN STATES GERMANY OTTO VON BISMARCK JAPAN EMPIRE OF JAPAN EMPEROR MEIJII NATIONALISMRISE OF NATION-STATES
NATIONALISM • RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR • YOUNG TURKS
IMPERIALISM • the creation and/or maintenance of a country's power and influence through military force • Negatively, the exploitation of native people in order to enrich a “mother country” • Empire building
IMPERIALISM • AFRICA • ASIA • POLICIES OF GREAT BRITAIN IN SOUTH AFRICA • POLICIES OF FRANCE IN SOUTHEAST ASIA (INDOCHINA) • POLICIES OF JAPAN IN ASIA