Kashmir Earthquake - Jade Forsberg MYP 5
What happened? • On the 8th of October an earthquake occurred in Northern Pakistan in Kashmir. It was an earthquake of magnitude 7.6 which occurred just before 9 am. The earthquake destroyed the capital of Pakistan-administered Kashmir, Muzaffarabad and also caused a lot of damage in nearby town such as Balakot. In total, roughly 75 000 people were killed, over 100 000 were injured and approximately 3 million were left homeless. In total 3.5 million people were affected by the earthquake and 80% of health facilities were destroyed. Many people were forced to live in tents for more than a year after the earthquake. It was a disaster for Kashmir.
When did it happen? • 8th October 2005 • At about 08:52:37 Pakistan time
Where did it happen? • In Pakistan • Occurred in Azad Kashmir, near the city of Muzaffarabad • Affected Gilgit-Baltisan and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa provinces of Pakistan Pakistan India
Why did it happen? • Two continental plates met at a collision margin (the Indian and Asian plates) • One plate is being forced (subducted under the other) • After a while the tension built up and was quickly released resulting in an earthquake
Who was affected? • Approximately 3 million were left homeless • About 500,000 received no aid • Capital of Pakistan-administered Kashmir (Muzaffarabad) was destroyed, killing and injuring thousands • Other affected areas: Tajikistan, western China, Afghanistan and Indian-administered Kashmir • About 6 000 schools were destroyed 2005 EARTHQUAKE TOLL Affected population: 3.5m Health facilities destroyed: 80% Area affected: 30,000 sq km Still in tent camps (in 2006): 35,000
Sources • http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4322624.stm • http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/5392908.stm • http://www.engr.uiuc.edu/news/archive/index.php?xId=067608320784 • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2005_Kashmir_earthquake