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IMPERIALISM. WHAT IS IMPERIALISM. Imperialism – Extending a nation’s power over other lands. TYPES OF IMPERIALISM. 3 Main Types: Colony – territory governed by a foreign power Protectorate – territory has own government but it is controlled by foreign power

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Presentation Transcript

What is imperialism
WHAT IS IMPERIALISM

  • Imperialism – Extending a nation’s power over other lands


Types of imperialism
TYPES OF IMPERIALISM

  • 3 Main Types:

    • Colony – territory governed by a foreign power

    • Protectorate – territory has own government but it is controlled by foreign power

    • Sphere of Influence – territory in which a foreign power has exclusive political and economic rights over


Reasons for imperialism
REASONS FOR IMPERIALISM

  • Why do nations become Imperialists?

    • Technology:

      • Huge militaryboom in weapons gave huge tactical advantage over others

    • Weakening of old empires in Central and Eastern Asia

      • Regions could not fend of the more powerful nations

      • Nations in the region wanted money to survive

      • Revolutionary groups in these regions got support from major world powers in exchange for giving up control

    • Social Darwinism – belief that only the most fit survive = most advanced

      • Led major world powers to see themselves as better because of advancements and more fit to survive

      • Played a major role in Africa being taken as well as the division of China


Reaction to imperialism
REACTION TO IMPERIALISM

  • How did nations who were taken respond?

    • Led to open revolutions against those who allowed the foreign powers to come in

      • SepoyMutiny - India

      • Boxer Rebellion – China

      • Boer Wars – South Africa

      • Zulu Resistance – Central Africa

      • Menelik’sResistance – Ethiopia

    • Some embraced it and were changed by it to allow their culture to survive.

      • Japan – allowed trade, but also quickly industrialized and became the power nation in Eastern Asia – surpassed China

    • Nations used it to gain independence

      • Cuba, Mexico, and the Caribbean Islands all gained independence as a result of U.S. Imperialism

      • All were protected by U.S.

    • Some become strategic strong points for power nations – brought in foreign armies

      • Egypt – Suez Canal

      • Panama – Panama Canal

      • Hawaii and Pacific Islands – Coal stops for large navies


Outcomes of imperialism
OUTCOMES OF IMPERIALISM

  • World was divided up between powerful industrialized nations – great conflict and tension

  • Europe becomes very divided between rival countries – all build larger armies to defend foreign lands and homelands

  • Loss of culture in some conquered territories

  • Areas were stripped of all resources and wealth

  • Created a lasting resentment between the rest of the world and Europe/United States

  • Immense wealth for Europe and the U.S.

  • Rapid industrialization of Japan – becomes a global power