1 / 6

IMPERIALISM - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

IMPERIALISM. WHAT IS IMPERIALISM. Imperialism – Extending a nation’s power over other lands. TYPES OF IMPERIALISM. 3 Main Types: Colony – territory governed by a foreign power Protectorate – territory has own government but it is controlled by foreign power

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'IMPERIALISM' - varick

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

What is imperialism

  • Imperialism – Extending a nation’s power over other lands

Types of imperialism

  • 3 Main Types:

    • Colony – territory governed by a foreign power

    • Protectorate – territory has own government but it is controlled by foreign power

    • Sphere of Influence – territory in which a foreign power has exclusive political and economic rights over

Reasons for imperialism

  • Why do nations become Imperialists?

    • Technology:

      • Huge militaryboom in weapons gave huge tactical advantage over others

    • Weakening of old empires in Central and Eastern Asia

      • Regions could not fend of the more powerful nations

      • Nations in the region wanted money to survive

      • Revolutionary groups in these regions got support from major world powers in exchange for giving up control

    • Social Darwinism – belief that only the most fit survive = most advanced

      • Led major world powers to see themselves as better because of advancements and more fit to survive

      • Played a major role in Africa being taken as well as the division of China

Reaction to imperialism

  • How did nations who were taken respond?

    • Led to open revolutions against those who allowed the foreign powers to come in

      • SepoyMutiny - India

      • Boxer Rebellion – China

      • Boer Wars – South Africa

      • Zulu Resistance – Central Africa

      • Menelik’sResistance – Ethiopia

    • Some embraced it and were changed by it to allow their culture to survive.

      • Japan – allowed trade, but also quickly industrialized and became the power nation in Eastern Asia – surpassed China

    • Nations used it to gain independence

      • Cuba, Mexico, and the Caribbean Islands all gained independence as a result of U.S. Imperialism

      • All were protected by U.S.

    • Some become strategic strong points for power nations – brought in foreign armies

      • Egypt – Suez Canal

      • Panama – Panama Canal

      • Hawaii and Pacific Islands – Coal stops for large navies

Outcomes of imperialism

  • World was divided up between powerful industrialized nations – great conflict and tension

  • Europe becomes very divided between rival countries – all build larger armies to defend foreign lands and homelands

  • Loss of culture in some conquered territories

  • Areas were stripped of all resources and wealth

  • Created a lasting resentment between the rest of the world and Europe/United States

  • Immense wealth for Europe and the U.S.

  • Rapid industrialization of Japan – becomes a global power