Definition of Imperialism • Imperialism occurs when a strong nation takes over a weaker nation or region and dominates its economic, political, or cultural life.
Age of Imperialism • The Age of Imperialism was roughly the mid-1800s to early-1900s • European nations sought to gain new colonies and the United States eventually followed. • Imperialists used ideas of racial, national and cultural superiority to justify their actions
Causes of Imperialism • Economic Motives • The Industrial Revolution created a demand for raw materials and new markets • Nationalism • Extreme pride in one’s country, nations wanted to demonstrate their power to the rest of the world
Causes of Imperialism • Balance of Power • Nations needed to acquire colonies in order to compete with their neighbors • White Man’s Burden • European sense of superiority made them feel obligated to “civilize the heathen savages” they encountered.
American Empire • Expansionism • In the early 19th century, Americans began to expand west. • Much of the land west of the Mississippi River was either undeveloped or under Spanish control.
American Empire • Manifest Destiny • Term used to describe United States expansion west. • During the 19th century the term “manifest destiny” was used to justify the annexation of Texas, Oregon, New Mexico and California.
American Empire • Monroe Doctrine • Policy stating that European nations may not seek colonies in the western hemisphere. • Latin America resented the “big brother” behavior of the United States.
American Empire • During the Age of Imperialism, the U.S. sought control of territories in the Pacific and Latin America.
American Imperialism Today • Today some feel the U.S. foreign policy is based upon imperialistic ideas • Today the United States has military bases in 36 different countries • The U.S. has also sought to control weaker nations economically. • Making weak nations dependent on the U.S.
Homework • Complete the summary section of your Cornell notes. • D – What did you do? • L – What did you learn? • I – What did you find interesting? • Q – Come up with a test question based on your notes. • In order to get full credit for your summary, ALL four parts must be completed.