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Imperialism. Definition of Imperialism. Imperialism occurs when a strong nation takes over a weaker nation or region and dominates its economic, political, or cultural life. . Age of Imperialism. The Age of Imperialism was roughly the mid-1800s to early-1900s

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Imperialism


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Presentation Transcript
definition of imperialism
Definition of Imperialism
  • Imperialism occurs when a strong nation takes over a weaker nation or region and dominates its economic, political, or cultural life.
age of imperialism
Age of Imperialism
  • The Age of Imperialism was roughly the mid-1800s to early-1900s
  • European nations sought to gain new colonies and the United States eventually followed.
  • Imperialists used ideas of racial, national and cultural superiority to justify their actions
causes of imperialism
Causes of Imperialism
  • Economic Motives
    • The Industrial Revolution created a demand for raw materials and new markets
  • Nationalism
    • Extreme pride in one’s country, nations wanted to demonstrate their power to the rest of the world
causes of imperialism1
Causes of Imperialism
  • Balance of Power
    • Nations needed to acquire colonies in order to compete with their neighbors
  • White Man’s Burden
    • European sense of superiority made them feel obligated to “civilize the heathen savages” they encountered.
american empire
American Empire
  • Expansionism
    • In the early 19th century, Americans began to expand west.
    • Much of the land west of the Mississippi River was either undeveloped or under Spanish control.
american empire1
American Empire
  • Manifest Destiny
    • Term used to describe United States expansion west.
    • During the 19th century the term “manifest destiny” was used to justify the annexation of Texas, Oregon, New Mexico and California.
american empire2
American Empire
  • Monroe Doctrine
    • Policy stating that European nations may not seek colonies in the western hemisphere.
    • Latin America resented the “big brother” behavior of the United States.
american empire3
American Empire
  • During the Age of Imperialism, the U.S. sought control of territories in the Pacific and Latin America.
american imperialism today
American Imperialism Today
  • Today some feel the U.S. foreign policy is based upon imperialistic ideas
  • Today the United States has military bases in 36 different countries
  • The U.S. has also sought to control weaker nations economically.
    • Making weak nations dependent on the U.S.
homework
Homework
  • Complete the summary section of your Cornell notes.
    • D – What did you do?
    • L – What did you learn?
    • I – What did you find interesting?
    • Q – Come up with a test question based on your notes.
  • In order to get full credit for your summary, ALL four parts must be completed.