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Belief Systems

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  1. Belief Systems Ancient South Asia HINDUISM BUDDHISM

  2. What is similar? • Point of origin • Reincarnation • Goal: Afterlife? End samsara • Karma, dharma • Ahimsa

  3. Hinduism: terms to know… • “Aryans” – Vedas (Vedic Age) • Caste System • Brahman Class • Atman • Reincarnation - Moksha • Karma, Dharma • ahimsa

  4. Buddhism: terms to know… • Siddhartha Gautama • Tripitaka (3 Baskets of Wisdom) • Reincarnation • Dharma, Karma • Nirvana • Ahimsa • 8 Fold Path • 4 Noble Truths • Different Approaches - 2 Sects: • Theravada and Mahayana

  5. What is different? • Caste – rejected by Buddhism • Existence of Gods • Family life vs. monastic life • Priestly class vs. self-directed • Adaptability: ethnic vs. universal

  6. Spread of Hinduism

  7. Spread of Hinduism (7th C)

  8. Spread of Buddhism

  9. Southeast Asia Why might local leaders have purposefully introduced Hindu beliefs? Why do you think overtime Buddhism overtook Hinduism in this region? East Asia: China, Korea and Japan Why might Buddhism be so appealing to East Asian culture? Impact on Areas Outside India?

  10. Impact on Indian Empires of the Classical Age?