The middle east
Download
1 / 29

The Middle East: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 114 Views
  • Uploaded on

The Middle East:. Turbulence and Instability. Arab-Israeli Conflict. Middle East covers from Morocco to Turkey as well as countries that border the Red Sea, Gulf of Aqaba, and the Persian Gulf. Important to its strategic location and its enormous supply of oil.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Middle East:' - valiant


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
The middle east

The Middle East:

Turbulence and Instability


Arab israeli conflict
Arab-Israeli Conflict

  • Middle East covers from Morocco to Turkey as well as countries that border the Red Sea, Gulf of Aqaba, and the Persian Gulf



Jewish homeland
Jewish Homeland of oil.

  • May 14, 1948 Israel became a country

  • Created out of Palestine

  • The displacement of Palestinian Arabs has never been resolved



Arab israeli war 1948
Arab – Israeli War: 1948 of oil.

  • Arab nations tried a quick strike attack trying to gain advantage over a new country

  • Arabs outnumbered the Israelis but weren’t as well-trained or armed

  • Israelis got arms from Czechoslovakia (from USSR)



  • Results: nations blamed USA due to the fact that they helped create the state of Israel

    • Increased tension between the Arabs and Israelis

    • Loss of Arab territory

    • Refugees settling in West Bank, Gaza Strip increased tensions


Suez crisis
Suez Crisis nations blamed USA due to the fact that they helped create the state of Israel

  • Nasser took power in Egypt on July 23, 1952

    • Wanted to modernize Egypt's economy

    • Build up the military to fight the Israelis

  • July 26th, 1956 Nasser nationalized the canal taking Egyptian control



  • Resolution: of the Suez Canal (kept it secret from the Americans)

    • USA got the UN involved

    • UN:

      • Got a ceasefire

      • Withdrawal of all troops

      • Peacekeeping force present

      • Negotiated by Lester B. Pearson, who won the Nobel Peace Prize


  • Results: of the Suez Canal (kept it secret from the Americans)

    • Canal damaged not used until repaired

    • British and French lost prestige

    • Israelis had military victories, but withdrew under American threat of economic sanctions

    • Nasser a hero in the Arab world


The six day war
The Six-Day War of the Suez Canal (kept it secret from the Americans)

  • Syria, Jordan, And Iraq joined Egypt mobilizing against Israel

  • These countries threatened to cut off oil supply to any country that aided Israel


  • June 5, 1967 the Israeli air force struck first of the Suez Canal (kept it secret from the Americans)

    • Resulting in the Egyptian air force being destroyed and Syrian and Jordan troops decimated

    • Israel gained the Sinai Peninsula, the West Bank, and the Golan Heights


The yom kippur war 1973
The Yom Kippur War: 1973 of the Suez Canal (kept it secret from the Americans)

  • Oct. 6, 1973 Egyptian and Syrian forces launched a surprise attack on Israel

  • At first Israel suffered heavy losses; after two weeks Israel counter-attacked and threatened Damascus and to cross the Suez


The camp david accord
The Camp David Accord of the Suez Canal (kept it secret from the Americans)

  • USA’s President Carter offered economic support to Egypt and Israel in exchange for peace in between the two countries

  • Egypt regained the Sinai Peninsula and established diplomatic relations between the two countries



Unresolved issues
Unresolved Issues their national security

  • PLO continued guerrilla raids against Israel

  • Over 3 million Palestinian refugees still displaced

  • West Bank occupation by the Israelis

  • OIL – OPEC controlled the flow of the world’s oil supply


Iran iraq war
Iran – Iraq War their national security

  • Both countries wanted hegemony in the region

  • Both wanted to control the exporting of oil in the region


  • Causes: their national security

    • Iraq wanted to overthrow the Ayatollah Khomeini

    • Establish Iraq as the dominant country power in the Persian Gulf


Results of the war
Results of the War their national security

  • 8 year war devastated both countries

  • USA built-up their navy

  • Iran’s industry and oil production was crippled

  • Both countries in debt

  • Both sides used chemical weapons

  • Iraq launched a program to develop nuclear weapons


The gulf war build up of tensions
The Gulf War: Build-up of Tensions their national security

  • Iraq accused Kuwait of over-producing oil, thus causing the price of oil to drop

  • Iraq wanted to be the most powerful country in the Middle East

  • U.S. Ambassador gave no response to Iraq – Kuwait issues

  • Aug. 2, 1990 Iraq invades Kuwait



Operation desert storm
Operation Desert Storm necessary means to secure the freedom of Kuwait

  • When allies finally began their ground assault they found very little Iraqi resistance

  • Defeat produced internal problems. Shi’a forces in the south and Kurdish groups in the north challenged the government.


Environmental warfare
Environmental Warfare necessary means to secure the freedom of Kuwait

  • 1.1 billion litres of crude oil dumped into the Persian Gulf

    • Clean-up didn’t begin until after the war ended

  • Oil wells started on fire resulting in poisonous gases filling the air


Super power involvement in the middle east
Super Power Involvement in the Middle East necessary means to secure the freedom of Kuwait

  • Neither superpower could claim overwhelming success in the area

  • Though the U.S. Has had more success than the Soviets


American policy
American Policy necessary means to secure the freedom of Kuwait

  • Goals:

    • Contain Soviet influence

    • Retain access to oil resources

    • Limit Arab radicalism

    • Maintain Israel's security and well being


Soviet policy
Soviet Policy necessary means to secure the freedom of Kuwait

  • Main Concerns:

    • Maintaining the security of their southern borders

    • Rivalry with Americans in the area

    • Inability to promote communism in Islamic areas


Palestinian israeli conflict
Palestinian – Israeli Conflict necessary means to secure the freedom of Kuwait

  • Oct. 13, 1993 Yassir Arafat and Yitzhak Rabin accepted the conditions of the Oslo Peace Accord

  • In 1994 Palestinians returned to Gaza Strip and West Bank

  • As leadership changed acceptance of the accord waned

  • Problem has yet to be resolved


ad