Fort Sumter April 12, 1861. The Presidents. Pres. Jefferson Davis. Pres. Abraham Lincoln. Type of Battles Fought: North vs. South. North fighting largely offensive war South fighting largely defensive war.
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Pres. Jefferson Davis
Pres. Abraham Lincoln
North fighting largely offensive war
South fighting largely defensivewar
North’s navy allowed it form a blockade
The North captured or destroyed ~1500 Confederate ships
South’s cotton exports decreased 95% during the war
The North could implement the Anaconda Plan and divide the South in half at the Mississippi
However, the South’s long coastline, from the Gulf of Mexico up the Atlantic, made it difficult to implement the blockade
South built many small, light, and fast “Blockade Runners”
Early in the war, up to 95% of blockade running was successful
The Monitor vs.the Merrimac
Vicksburg July 4, 1863
You people of the South don't know what you are doing. This country will be drenched in blood, and God only knows how it will end. It is all folly, madness, a crime against civilization! You people speak so lightly of war; you don't know what you're talking about. War is a terrible thing! You mistake, too, the people of the North. They are a peaceable people but an earnest people, and they will fight, too. They are not going to let this country be destroyed without a mighty effort to save it…
Sherman’s victory in Atlanta helped ensure Lincoln’s reelection.
War in the East: Both sides fought to defend their capitals (USA - DC, CSA – Richmond)
Battle of Bull Run (1st Manassas), July, 1861