Theory and Theoretical Paradigms: Ehhh?. What’s a “paradigm” and why use that word??? Theory: statement of how 2+ facts are related We can USE theory to understand how things remain “orderly,” why there is change, why there is inequality, etc.!
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William Graham Sumner: Applying Darwin’s “survival of the fittest” to society, believed that we should not intervene to eliminate inequalities in society. Those “on top” deserved to be there, and it was dangerous to change the prevailing social order”
Because of it’s focus on order and stability, what does this perspective ignore?
Functionalism: Hard time explaining change (since it it a dysfunction); is a conservative view that downplays inequality between groups (defends the status quo)
Conflict: Overlooks cohesion and stability, and improvement in some social problems
Interactionist: Reminds us that individuals create social structure, but too subjective in interpretation and is not a good explanation of inequality (ignoring the effect of larger social structures and culture)