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Dr. Katharine Kolcaba. The Comfort Theory 1. Comfort Theory. Dr. Kolcaba’s theory was deliberated in women with third stage breast cancer undergoing radiation and chemotherapies 1 . Kolcaba’s target audiences for her theory were 1 : Gerontological Nursing 1 HIV/AIDS 1

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Dr katharine kolcaba
Dr. Katharine Kolcaba

The Comfort Theory1

Comfort theory
Comfort Theory

  • Dr. Kolcaba’s theory was deliberated in women with third stage breast cancer undergoing radiation and chemotherapies1.

  • Kolcaba’s target audiences for her theory were1:

    • Gerontological Nursing1

    • HIV/AIDS1

    • Holistic Nursing1

    • Mental Health Nursing1

    • Nursing Research and Theory1

    • Oncology1

    • Palliative and Hospice Nursing1

    • Long Term Care Facilities1

    • Spiritual Care1

Theory development
Theory Development

  • Conducted a concept analysis of comfort3.

  • The three types of comfort (relief, ease, transcendence) and four contexts of holistic human experience3.

  • Taxonomic structure to guide for assessment3.

  • Comfort as a product of holistic nursing3.

  • A broader theory for comfort was introduced3.

Kolcaba s theory description
Kolcaba’sTheory Description

  • Nursing is described as the process of assessing the patient’s comfort needs, developing and implementing appropriate nursing interventions, and evaluating patient comfort following nursing interventions3,4.

  • Health is considered to be optimal functioning3,4.

  • Person/Patient can be considered as individuals, families, institutions, or communities in need of health care3,4.

  • Environment is anything that can be manipulated by a nurse, or loved one to enhance comfort3,4.

What does comfort mean by webster definition
What does comfort mean by Webster definition?

-a state of being relaxed and feeling no pain 2

-a feeling of freedom from worry or disappointment2

-the act of consoling; giving relief in affliction2

-give moral or emotional strength to2

-lessen pain or discomfort; alleviate2

Comfort as a whole
Comfort as a Whole

Relief, Ease, Transcendence

Comfort Types

Relief- the state of having a specific comfort need met4,5.

Ease- the state of calm or contentment4,5.

Transcendence- the state in which one can rise above problems or pain4,5.

Contexts of comfort

Contexts of Comfort





Comfort theory in relation to my profession
Comfort Theory in Relation to my Profession

  • I chose the comfort theory because comfort of the patient or client promotes well being and a quicker recovery.

  • In my current career, we have tried white boards to evaluate a patients’ comfort/pain status.

  • I’ve thought as well about a career change into hospice and thought that educating myself more on the comfort theory my help me in this new career change.


1. http://libguides.twu.edu/content.php:pid=387632

2. Merriam-Webster. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/comfort

3. Kolcaba, K. (2011). Comfort Theory. Retrieved from


4. Kolcaba, K., Tilton, C., & Drouin, C. (2006). Comfort theory: A unifying framework

to enhance the practice environment. The Journal of Nursing Administration, 36(11), 538-544.

Retrieved from http://www.thecomfortline.com/files/pdfs/2006%20-%20Comfort%20Theory%20A%20unifying%20framework%20to%20enhance%20the%20practice%20environment.pdf

5. March, A. & McCormack, D. (2009). Nursing theory-directed healthcare, modifying kolcaba’s comfort theory

as an institution-wide approach. Wolters Kluwer Health. Doi: 10.1097/HNP.OBO13e3281a1105b