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The EV1: Electric Car of the 90s PowerPoint Presentation
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The EV1: Electric Car of the 90s

The EV1: Electric Car of the 90s

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The EV1: Electric Car of the 90s

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  1. The EV1: Electric Car of the 90s Figure 1

  2. Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5

  3. World Solar Challenge • First solar vehicle competition • Held in Australia in November 1987 • Major US car manufacturers like Ford and GM participated • Results stimulated interest in electric cars in the automobile industry Figure 6

  4. California and the EV1 • During the 1990s California had a tremendous smog and pollution problem that needed to be addressed. • California Air and Resources Board (CARB) passed a Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Mandate • Required car manufacturers to sell ZEVs if they wanted to sell cars in California • Lead to the development of EV cars

  5. Design and Technology • Two seat cabin

  6. Figure 7

  7. Design and Technology • Two seat cabin • No key required

  8. Figure 9 Figure 8

  9. Design and Technology • Two seat cabin • No key required • Accelerates from 0-60 in 8 seconds

  10. Design and Technology • Two seat cabin • No Key required • Accelerates from 0-60 in 8 seconds • Top average speed = 80 mph • Highest clocked speed = 183 mph

  11. Figure 10

  12. Figure 11

  13. Battery Specs • 1st generation EV1 carried a 26 lead-acid cell battery • Average range: 60-80 miles per charge • Complete charge takes approx. 3 hrs • 220 volt 6kW charger • Charger plugs into the front of the car Figure 13

  14. Charging Unit Figure 14

  15. Battery Specs • 2nd generation EV1 carried a NiMH battery • Developed by Stan Ovshinsky • Range: 100-120 miles • Complete charge in approx. 5 hrs • Used the same charger as 1st gen.

  16. Figure 15 Figure 16

  17. Cost of the EV1 • Sold at ~$33,995, or leased for about $399 a month • Cost of operating an EV1 = Cost of operating a gasoline car EXCEPT gas costs 0.60 cents a gallon! • Maintenance is minimal • Performed every 5000 miles • No extra products

  18. What happened to the EV1? • Approximately 4,000 leased • GM recalled and took back every car in less than 10 years • Crushed, shredded and destroyed Before Figure 17 Figure 18 After

  19. Who Killed the EV1? • Consumers • Government • Oil Companies • Automotive Industry

  20. General Motors • Poor marketing • http://noolmusic.com/myspace_videos/general_motors_ev-1_tv_commercial_4.php • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WGdNTOdemBw

  21. GM Claims • Claim: Wasn’t enough demand • Truth: EV1 had a waiting list of thousands of buyers. • Claim: Cars and batteries were too expensive to make. • Truth: Mass production could have helped streamline costs.

  22. GM Motive • Why would GM want to get rid of the EV1? • Profit Loss • No need for servicing parts like oil filters • Oil company connection?

  23. Oil Companies • Funded opposition to the EV1 • Profit loss • Trillions of dollars of profits still left in oil reserves • 13.5 million barrels a day in 2004

  24. Government • Bush’s 2004 Economic Incentive Plan • Tax credit for EVs: $4,000 • Tax credit for luxury SUVs: $100,000 • Joined Automotive Companies in suing CARB over the ZEV Mandate • Emphasis on Hydrogen Fuel Cell Development • Fuel economy standards have not improved since CAFÉ standards were adopted in 1975s • OPEC dropped oil prices

  25. Consumers • Consumers were cautious to accepting the electric car • Many were ignorant to that it even existed • Many couldn’t see the difference between gas cars and EV cars • Consumers will buy what you market to them that they need to buy

  26. Conclusion • Although the EV1 did have limitations, it possessed the potential to be a viable vehicle alternative. • Had the EV1 remained on the market, significant progress in the development of electric vehicles could have been made.

  27. Figures Work Cited • "EV1." Photograph. Carfree World.9 Nov. 2008 <http://www.carsareevil.com/images/gm_ev1.jpg>. • "1998 Electric Ford Ranger." Photographs. How Stuff Works.9 Nov. 2008 <http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/1990-1999-ford-trucks-40.jpg>. • "Ford Think." Photograph. 21stcentury.co.uk. 9 Nov. 2008 <http://www.21stcentury.co.uk/images/cars/ford_th!nk.jpg>. • "Honda EV Plus." Photograph. AutoWorld.9 Nov. 2008 <http://www.autoworld.com/news/Honda/ev_plus.jpg>. • "Nissan Altra." Photograph. The Auto Channel.9 Nov. 2008 <http://www.theautochannel.com/cybercast/laautoshow98/images/nissan_altra_ev.jpg>. • "World Solar Challenge." Photograph. 1990 World Solar Challenge.9 Nov. 2008 <http://www-personal.umich.edu/~sdbest/solarcar/Wsc1990.htm>. 7-9, 12, 14. "Miscellaneous EV1." Photograph. EV1 FAQ.9 Nov. 2008 <http://www.ev1.pair.com/charge_across_america/charge_html/faqs.html#anchor2778139. >. 10-11. "Inside the EV1." Diagram. EV1 Club.6 Nov. 2008 <http://ev1-club.power.net/evpics.htm>. 13. "EV1 Engine." Photograph. Motortrend Blog.9 Nov. 2008 <http://image.motortrend.com/f/editorial/no-one-killed-the-electric-car-it-was-dead-on-arrival/9814174+cr1+re0+ar1/gm-ev1-engine.jpg>. 16. "EV1 Battery." Photograph. JCWinni-Photobucket.9 Nov. 2008 <http://i160.photobucket.com/albums/t175/jcwinni/gmphev5.png>. 17. "EV1 Graveyard - December, 2003- Before." Digital Photograph. EV1 Club.5 Nov. 2008 <http://ev1-club.power.net/archive/031219/jpg/before1.htm>. 18. "EV1 Graveyard - December, 2003- After." Digital Photograph. EV1 Club.5 Nov. 2008 <http://ev1-club.power.net/archive/031219/jpg/after2.htm>.

  28. References • "History of Electric Vehicles from 1990 to 1998." EV History. 1 About.com. 5 Nov. 2008 <http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aacarselectric2a.htm>. • Trexlar, Kris. Charge Across America. 1 Jan. 9 Nov. 2008 <http://www.ev1.pair.com/charge_across_america/charge_html/faqs.html#anchor2843536>. • "United States." The World Factbook. 1 CIA. 9 Nov. 2008 <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/print/us.html>. • Who Killed the Electric Car. Dir. Chris Paine: DVD. Sony Pictures, 2006. • "Who Killed the Electric Car." NOW. 9 June 2006. PBS. 5 Nov. 2008 <http://www.pbs.org/now/shows/223/>. • Who Killed the Electric Car. Sony Pictures Classics. 5 Nov. 2008 <http://www.sonyclassics.com/whokilledtheelectriccar/electric.html>.